Treatments for Hyperthyroidism in Children

How is hyperthyroidism treated?

Fortunately, with prompt treatment, babies usually recover completely within a few weeks. However, hyperthyroidism may recur during the first 6 months to 1 year of a baby's life, so it's important to be vigilant.

The goal of treatment is to restore the thyroid gland to normal function, producing normal levels of thyroid hormone. Components of your child's treatment may include:

  • medication that blocks the production of thyroid hormones
  • treatment for heart failure

Coping and support

It's normal for you to have many questions when your child is dealing with hyperthyroidism: Will it affect my child long term? What do we do next? We've provided some answers to those questions on these pages, and our experts will explain your child's condition in more detail.
Our team in Boston Children's Hospital's Thyroid Program will help your family navigate the challenges of living with a child's chronic medical condition. Our psychosocial team includes staff from the Departments of Nursing, Child Life and Social Work. In addition, Children's has several other resources designed to give your family comfort, support and guidance:

Children's Center for Families is dedicated to helping families locate the information and resources they need to better understand their child's particular condition and take part in their care. All patients, families and health professionals are welcome to use the center's services at no extra cost. The Center for Families is open Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m., and on Saturdays from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Please call 617-355-6279 for more information.?

The Experience Journal was designed by Children's psychiatrist-in-chief David DeMaso, MD, and members of his team. This online collection features thoughts, reflections and advice from kids and caregivers about going through a variety of medical experiences.?

Children's Department of Psychiatry offers a free booklet, “Helping Your Child with Medical Experiences: A Practical Parent Guide” (Please note that Adobe Acrobat is required to view and download the guide.) Topics in the booklet include:

  • talking to your child about his or her condition
  • preparing for surgery and hospitalization
  • supporting siblings
  • taking care of yourself during your child's illness
  • adjusting to life after treatment?
  • Children's Behavioral Medicine Clinic helps children who are being treated on an outpatient basis at the hospital—as well as their families—understand and cope with their feelings about:
  • being sick
  • facing uncomfortable procedures
  • handling pain
  • taking medication
  • preparing for surgery
  • changes in friendships and family relationships
  • managing school while dealing with an illness
  • grief and loss?

Children's Psychiatry Consultation Service provides several services, including:

  • short-term therapy for children admitted to one of our inpatient units
  • parent and sibling consultations
  • teaching healthy coping skills for the whole family
  • educating members of the medical treatment team about the relationship between physical illness and psychological distress?

The Children's chaplaincy is a source of spiritual support for parents and family members. Our program includes nearly a dozen clergy members—representing Episcopal, Jewish, Lutheran, Muslim, Roman Catholic, Unitarian and United Church of Christ traditions—who will listen to you, pray with you and help you observe your own faith practices during your child's treatment. ?

Children's International Center is a dedicated resource for patients and families from countries outside the United States. The center can provide assistance with everything from reviewing medical records to setting up appointments and locating lodging. Contact the center by phone at 01-617-355-5209 or via e-mail at


View a general guide for Children's patients and their families?
On our For Patients and Families site, you can find all you need to know about:
  • getting to Children's
  • accommodations
  • navigating the hospital experience
  • other resources that are available for your family