Testing & diagnosis for double outlet right ventricle (DORV) in children

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At Boston Children's Hospital, we know that the first step in treating your child is forming an accurate and timely diagnosis.

The exams

If your newborn baby was born with a bluish tint to her skin, or if your young child is experiencing symptoms, your pediatrician will refer you to a pediatric cardiologist, who will perform a physical examination. The cardiologist will listen to your baby’s heart and lungs, measure the oxygen level in her blood (non-invasively) and make other observations that help to determine the diagnosis.

Your Boston Children's Hospital cardiologist will also investigate whether your child has a heart murmur—a noise heard through the stethoscope that’s caused by the turbulence of blood flow. The location in the chest where the murmur is best heard, as well as the sound and character of the murmur itself, will give the cardiologist an initial idea of the kind of heart problem your baby may have.

The tests

Some combination (not necessarily all) of the following medical tests will also used to diagnose DORV and its related defects:

  • Electrocardiogram (EKG): An EKG evaluates the electrical activity of your child’s heart. An EKG is usually the initial test for evaluating the causes of symptoms and detecting heart abnormalities, including DORV. It's performed by placing electrodes on the arms, legs and chest to record the electrical activity. The test takes five minutes or less and involves no pain or discomfort.
  • Echocardiogram (cardiac ultrasound): An echocardiogram evaluates the structure and function of your child’s heart using electronically recorded sound waves that produce a moving picture of the heart and heart valves. No discomfort is involved. It takes 30-60 minutes. Some younger children may need to be sedated.

    If, during your pregnancy, a routine prenatal ultrasound or other signs raise your obstetrician’s suspicion of a congenital heart defect in the fetus, a cardiac ultrasound (described in the paragraph above) of the baby in utero will usually be the next step. The cardiac ultrasound—focusing exclusively on the baby’s heart—can usually detect whether a congenital heart defect is present.
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaginh (MRI): An MRI is a non-invasive test using 3-D imaging technology produced by magnets to accurately determine the blood flow and functioning of your child’s heart. No pain is involved, although an IV may be needed. It takes about an hour. Children under 10 years of age usually need anesthesia.
  • Chest x-ray: A conventional chest x-ray will evaluate the size and spatial relationships of the heart within the child’s chest, as well as the presence of defects associated with DORV. It takes a few moments. There's no pain or discomfort.
  • Cardiac catheterization: This invasive procedure performed under sedation or anesthesia provides detailed visual information and measurements about the structures inside the heart. Blood pressure and oxygen measurements are taken in the four chambers of the heart, as well as the pulmonary artery and aorta.

Watch some of Boston Children’s frequently used cardiac procedures in action

Pediatric cardiologists and pediatric cardiovascular surgeons at Boston Children's Hospital have pioneered the interventional catheterization repair techniques now used widely for many congenital heart defects, including double outlet right ventricle.

We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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