Craniofacial Anomalies Symptoms & Causes

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What are the symptoms of a craniofacial anomaly?

Symptoms of craniofacial anomalies vary by condition. Our doctors can help you understand your child’s symptoms.

What causes a craniofacial anomaly?

Most medical professionals agree that there is no single cause of these types of abnormalities. Instead, many factors may contribute to their development, including the following:

  • Genetics - Your child may have received a particular gene or combination of genes from one or both parents, or the genes may have changed at the time of conception. These situations can result in a craniofacial anomaly.
  • Environmental - We don’t currently have data that shows a direct correlation between exposures to certain drugs or chemicals and craniofacial anomalies. However, your doctor may still ask you about any prenatal exposures to these substances.
  • Folic acid deficiency - Folic acid is a B vitamin found in leafy green vegetables, orange juice, fortified breakfast cereals, and enriched grain products. Studies have shown that women who do not get sufficient folic acid during pregnancy may be at higher risk of having a baby with certain congenital anomalies, including cleft lip or cleft palate.

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- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital
300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115
For Patients: 617-355-6000 | 800-355-7944

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