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There are many ways you can help children and their families get the care they need.
The first step in treating a child with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is forming an accurate diagnosis. A baby can be diagnosed with CAH during pregnancy and the sex of the after birth, when a through physical examination and a series of tests are performed.
How is CAH diagnosed?
CAH can sometimes be detected and diagnosed during pregnancy through various prenatal tests. In some cases where there is a family history of CAH, treatment can be started when the baby is still in the womb to prevent the maculinizing effects on the female
Why are prenatal tests used?
Prenatal tests are various tests that are performed during pregnancy that identify a baby’s sex, age, size and placement in the uterus. Prenatal tests also detect some chromosomal abnormalities, congenital heart defects and other genetic problems.
Before any parent decides whether or not to get prenatal testing, it’s important to know all the options and the advantages and disadvantages of each one. The two types of prenatal tests used to detect and diagnosis CAH are called screening tests and diagnostic tests.
Screening tests determine what the chances are that a baby will be born with CAH or other birth defects.
The different types of screening tests for CAH include:
Diagnostic tests are used after a baby is born. These tests can confirm a diagnosis of CAH and help determine the baby’s sex.
Tests to diagnose CAH:
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