Conditions + Treatments

Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Causes and Symptoms in children

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Contact the Cerebrovascular Surgery and Interentions Center

Cerebral venous thrombosis often comes to light as a medical emergency. Symptoms can include:
  • headache
  • seizures
  • motor problems
  • neurological symptoms
  • altered consciousness
  • weakness

Children whose blood has an increased tendency to clot, also known as thrombophilia, are at greater risk for cerebral venous thrombosis. Thrombophilia can be caused by certain genetic conditions, including:

  • factor V Leiden gene mutation
  • prothrombin gene mutation
  • protein C, protein S or antithrombin deficiencies

Lifestyle factors or medical conditions can also contribute to the risk for blood clots in susceptible children or adolescents. These include:

  • immobility or sedentary lifestyle
  • obesity
  • head trauma
  • infection
  • dehydration
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • cancer
  • smoking
  • use of oral contraceptives
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