Croup

Croup is a disease caused by a virus that leads to swelling in the airways and problems breathing.

  • Croup may be accompanied by stridor, a high-pitched sound usually heard when she child breathes in (inspiration).
  • Croup is most commonly seen in children 3 months to 5 years old.
  • The peak time for croup to occur is 2 years old.
  • Boys seem to be more affected by croup than girls.
  • Croup is seen more often in the fall and winter.

At Boston Children's Hospital, the Center for Airway Disorders (CAD) provides care and state-of-the-art medical and surgical treatment to children with croup and other complex problems involving the airway, pulmonary and upper digestive tract. The center is staffed by a multidisciplinary team of specialists from various fields who provide comprehensive assessment, treatment and follow-up.