Broken Tibia/Fibula (Shin bone/Calf) | Testing and Diagnosis

How are tibia/fibula fractures diagnosed?

To make a broken tibia/fibula diagnosis, your child’s doctor will physically examine the injured area to check for swelling and tenderness. Imaging tests take pictures of the fracture and can reveal damage to muscles or blood vessels.

An x-ray of the lower leg is the main diagnostic tool for a tibia/fibula fracture. It is a painless test that uses small amounts of radiation to produce images of the child’s bones (including the tibia and fibula) and soft tissue.

After the doctor puts the pieces of the broken bone in the right position, an x-ray of the tibia/fibula can also help determine whether the bones are in proper alignment and whether they are healing correctly. Other diagnostic tools include: