Birth Defects and Congenital Anomalies in Children

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What are birth defects and congenital anomalies?

About 3 to 4 percent of babies are born with some type of birth defect. A birth defect is a health problem or a physical abnormality. It can be very mild or severe. Some birth defects are life-threatening, in which case a baby may only live for a few months. Birth defects are also referred to as "congenital anomalies" or "congenital abnormalities." 

The most common birth defects are:

Care for birth defects

The Advanced Fetal Care Center is one of a handful of comprehensive fetal care centers in the United States, and the only one in New England. The AFCC treats, supports and manages complicated fetal anomalies. It's doctors were the world's first to perform life-saving cardiac interventions, such as treating heart problems in utero. The center is also advancing treatments for congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a condition in which a baby is born with a hole in the diaphragm or no diaphragm at all.

Boston Children’s is so much more than a hospital—it’s a community of researchers, clinicians, administrators, support staff, innovators, teachers, patients and families, all working together to make the impossible possible. ”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital
300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115
For Patients: 617-355-6000
For Referring Providers: 844-BCH-PEDS | 844-224-7337

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