#1 Ranked Children’s Hospital by U.S. News & World Report
MyPatients provides referring primary care providers with secure access to their patients’ information.
Boston Children's has launched the world's 1st program dedicated to offering hand transplants to children who qualify.
Innovation insider is a semi-monthly e-newsletter analyzes innovations at Boston Children’s, other academic medical centers and from industry.
Read the latest blog by a Boston Children's doctor, clinician or staff member.
There are many ways you can help children and their families get the care they need.
A variety of inheritance patterns have been observed, including dominant (when one gene is passed from a parent with a refractive error to a child), recessive (caused by two genes, one inherited from each parent who may or may not have a refractive error), and multifactorial (a combination of genes and environment).
Refractive errors are also common in children with certain genetic disorders, such as Marfan syndrome and Down syndrome.
Astigmatism, Hyperopia and Myopia are the most common refractive errors, all of which affect vision and may require corrective lenses.
Astigmatism is a condition in which an abnormal curvature of the cornea can cause two focal points to fall in two different locations, making objects up close, and at a distance, appear blurry.
Commonly known as farsightedness, hyperopia is the refractive error in which an image of a distant object becomes focused behind the retina, either because the eyeball axis is too short, or because the refractive power of the object is too weak.
This condition makes close objects appear out of focus and may cause headaches, eye strain and/or fatigue. Squinting, eye rubbing, lack of interest in school and difficulty in reading are often seen in children with hyperopia.
Eyeglasses or contact lenses may help to correct or improve hyperopia by adjusting the focusing power to the retina.
Commonly known as nearsightedness, myopia is a condition in which an image of a distant object becomes focused in front of the retina, either because the eyeball axis is too long or because the refractive power of the object is too strong. This is the opposite of hyperopia.
Eyeglasses or contact lenses may help to correct or improve myopia by adjusting the focusing power to the retina.
Astigmatism, Hyperopia and Myopia in the premature infant
In the short-term, it’s important to look for Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a disorder of the blood vessels of the retina (the light sensitive part of the eye). There are a few babies whose blood vessels are still growing and need to be followed within the first two to three weeks of going home, sometimes requiring an eye exam every other day. It’s absolutely critical that they have that close follow-up to make sure they don’t have any severe disease that might require laser therapy. For long-term follow-up, premature infants are at risk for myopia, amblyopia and strabismus. We recommend a repeat ophthalmologic exam at 9 to 12 months old for babies born at less than 32 weeks gestation. That’s not something that is done in the general population.
We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”