Esophageal Atresia Treatment Program
Related symptoms or conditions
Our techniques may sound complicated, but our work here is simple: use the most effective surgical approach available to help children born with an incomplete or blocked esophagus to eventually be able to eat solid foods.
Specialists within the EAT Program also care for children with:
- airway anomalies such as tracheomalacia and bronchomalacia
- laryngeal clefts and related complications
- perforation and leaks
gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
VACTERL association (also called VATER syndrome) is a group of associated birth defects. These defects aren't always related, but they do tend to occur together. The name is an acronym, standing for:
V - Vertebral anomalies
A - Anorectal anomalies
C - Cardiovascular anomalies
TE - Tracheoesophageal fistula
R - Renal (Kidney) and/or radial anomalies
L - Limb defects
Because TE is one of the associated conditions (it's present in about 70 percent of VACTERL patients) many children with EA/TEF may also have some of the other conditions found in VACTERL patients.
CHARGE syndrome is a genetic condition, caused by a change (mutation) in a single gene. Originally the term CHARGE was an acronym, representing symptoms often associated with the condition: coloboma (defect) of the eye, heart defect, atresia of the choanae, retardation of growth and/or development, genital and/or urinary abnormalities and ear abnormalities and deafness. These features are no longer used in making a diagnosis of CHARGE syndrome, but the name has remained.
CHARGE is a complex condition that involves extensive medical and physical difficulties that can be different for each patient. Although EA/TEF is not a major criterion for diagnosis of CHARGE, about 10 percent of children with CHARGE also have EA/TEF.
Polyhydramnios is an abnormally large buildup of the fluid that surrounds the baby in the mother's uterus during pregnancy. Polyhydramnios doesn't cause EA/TEF, but a diagnosis of polyhydramnios in the mother may be the first sign of EA in a fetus. This is because a fetus with EA is unable to swallow amniotic fluid normally and therefore the fluid volume accumulates. This diagnosis is further supported if a “stomach bubble” is not seen in an ultrasound.