Conditions and Treatments from the Rare Anemias and Iron Disorders Program

Pediatric Anemia

Anemia is a common blood disorder that occurs when the body has fewer red blood cells than normal. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout your child’s body using a protein called hemoglobin. If there

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Chronic kidney (renal) disease

In the past, the phrase “kidney failure” has been used to mean end-stage renal disease (ESRD) - when dialysis or a kidney transplant is necessary because the kidneys have lost around 85 percent of

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Hemorrhagic Disease of the Newborn

Overview Hemorrhagic disease is a bleeding problem that occurs in a baby during the first few days of life. Babies are normally born with low levels of vitamin K, an essential factor in blood clotting

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Hydrops Fetalis

Hydrops fetalis, or hydrops, is a condition that occurs when large amounts of fluid build up in a baby’s tissues and organs causing extreme swelling. Patients with hydrops fetalis are treated through

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Hypothyroidism is the condition in which the thyroid is underactive and produces an insufficient amount of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder. Children with the

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Megaloblastic Pernicious Anemia

Megaloblastic anemia, also known as pernicious anemia, is a type of anemia characterized by very large red blood cells. In addition to the cells being large, the inner contents of each cell are not

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Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Children

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a rare disease of the blood, only occurring in four out of every 1 million children. This rare disease keeps the body from properly producing blood cells and

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Polycythemia is a rare blood disorder that occurs when there are too many red blood cells circulating in the bloodstream. Red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to all parts of the body.

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Red Blood Cell Disorders

Red blood cell disorders are blood disorders that impact the red blood cells, the parts of the blood that carry oxygen from the lungs to all parts of the body. Treatment of red blood cell disorders,

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