Vesicoureteral Reflux Program Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

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Is vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) contagious?
No

Can VUR be prevented?
No, but many urinary tract infections that are associated with VUR can be prevented.

Is VUR inherited?
Yes. VUR runs strongly in families, and both siblings and offspring of people with a history of VUR are at higher risk for VUR. In some cases, it is recommended that such siblings or offspring undergo testing for VUR, although this is not needed in most cases.

Is surgery mandatory for vesicoureteral reflux?
Most of the time, surgery is not mandatory. The majority of cases do not require surgery.

What type of follow-up is needed for children with VUR?
Most children with VUR are seen every 6-12 months, although infants and toddlers may be seen more often. Throughout the process, kidney growth is monitored with ultrasound. Children with VUR should always have their urine checked to rule out UTI when they have a high fever. Once VUR is resolved, it usually does not come back. In children who have scarring of the kidneys, lifelong follow-up is needed to monitor kidney function. This may include blood pressure checks and urine tests to determine protein levels.

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