Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body’s ability to use glucose (sugar) to provide energy. Diabetes can either be caused by too little insulin (type 1 diabetes) or a combination of too little insulin and resistance to the action of insulin (type 2 diabetes).
The most common form of diabetes in children, adolescents and young adults is type 1 diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes(also known as juvenile diabetes)is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose enter the cells of the body, where it is used as a source of fuel. Without insulin, glucose cannot enter the cells. Instead, it builds up in the bloodstream and makes blood sugar levels very high. Children with type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to keep their blood sugar levels within the normal range.
Managing your child’s diabetes can be a challenging task, but in our program, you have access to our entire team of experts. We’ll help you with medical evaluation, dietary consultation, education, counseling and behavior modification and long-term care.
We see children with type 2 diabetes in our Type 2 Diabetes Program.
As one of the largest pediatric diabetes centers in the North America, the Diabetes Program at Boston Children’s provides comprehensive care to infants, children, adolescents and young adults with all types of diabetes, including:
- type 1 diabetes
- cystic fibrosis-related diabetes
- steroid-induced diabetes
- post-pancreatectomy diabetes and other rare forms of the disorder.
Our center brings together experts in pediatric endocrinology, specialist diabetes nurse educators, registered dietitians and medical social workers. We’ve got the expertise and the experience to guide you and your family from diagnosis through the early challenges of managing your child’s diabetes. Your child’s medical team will build a customized plan of treatment designed to keep your child healthy — and allow her to enjoy the wonders of childhood.