Injury Prevention Program | Conditions and Treatments


What is an abrasion? An abrasion is a superficial rub or wearing off of the skin, usually caused by a scrape or a brush burn. Abrasions are usually minor injuries that you can treat at home. When...

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Airway Obstruction

Most incidences of accidental child strangulation, suffocation and choking occur in the home. As a parent, extra care should be taken to childproof your house for young children, keeping in mind that...

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Ankle Sprain

A sprain is a stretch injury of the ligaments that support the ankle. The ligaments on the outside of the ankle are most commonly injured when the foot is turned inward on an awkward step. About 25...

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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

More than 200 people die each year from carbon monoxide poisoning, and thousands of others develop symptoms that require emergency medical attention. Carbon monoxide poisoning is the most common cause...

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Chemical Burns

Chemical burns can occur when strong acids or alkalies come in contact with your child's skin or eyes. Caring for chemical burns: Rinse exposed area with running water for 20 minutes; a hose is...

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Electrical and Thermal Burns

Your child can get an electrical burn if he or she makes contact with electricity, either alternating current (AC) or direct current (DC). Boston Children's Hospital's Injury Prevention Program The...

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Eye Injuries

Often caused by sports or other physical activity, eye injuries can be serious and are usually quite painful. They are also a common cause of vision loss in children. Eye injuries can range from...

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Foreign Bodies in the Eye

It's not uncommon for children to get foreign objects, like a speck of dirt, in their eyes. Foreign bodies in the eye refer to any objects in the eye not meant to be there. The object may be in the...

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What is a fracture? A fracture is a break in the bone that often occurs when more force is applied to the bone than the bone can withstand. Fractures are classified as either open or closed. An open...

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Head or Brain Injury

What is a head injury? “Head injury” is a broad term that describes many different types of conditions—ranging from bumps and bruises to concussions, skull fractures and serious brain injuries. While...

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Heat Cramps Exhaustion and Stroke

Overview Exposure to abnormal or prolonged amounts of heat and humidity without relief or adequate fluids can cause various types of heat-related illness. Children and adolescents adjust more slowly...

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Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning occurs when lead — a metal that was once a common ingredient in paint and is still used in batteries, pipes, pottery and even cosmetics — builds up in the body. Little by little, lead...

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Puncture Wounds

What is a puncture wound? It is common for children to have puncture wounds. A puncture wound is a deep wound made by a sharp object such as a nail or a jagged piece of metal or wood. Puncture wounds...

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Respiratory Distress

Learning the signs of respiratory distress If your child is having difficulty breathing, she may show signs of being in danger of respiratory distress. It is important to learn these signs to know how...

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Shoulder Dislocation

The shoulder The shoulder is the most versatile joint in the body, moving in many different directions. A sudden force to the shoulder, as from a collision, for example, can cause the top of the upper...

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Small Cuts and Scrapes

What are small cuts and scrapes? Most cuts and scrapes are minor injuries that can be treated at home. Small cuts and scrapes are often viewed as part of childhood and growing up. The skin opening may...

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Sprains and Strains

Most sports injuries, such as sprains or strains, are caused by minor trauma. Sprains are ligament injuries resulting from wrenching or twisting a joint. Strains are injuries to a muscle or tendon,...

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Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is an injury to the tendons attaching the forearm muscles to the outer part of the elbow. This injury comes from repetitive stress — in other words, a simple physical activity repeated...

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What is tetanus? Tetanus is an acute, sometimes fatal, disease of the central nervous system, caused by the toxin of the tetanus bacterium, which usually enters the body through an open wound. The...

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