Conditions and Treatments from the Pediatric Neuro-immunology Program

Acute Transverse Myelitis

Acute Transverse Myelitis (ATM) involves a brief but intense attack of inflammation (swelling) in the spinal cord that damages myelin. Myelin is the protective covering of nerve fibers. Myelin is also

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Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) involves a brief but intense attack of inflammation (swelling) in the brain and spinal cord that damages the brain's myelin. Myelin is the protective

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Encephalitis

"Children with encephalitis may benefit from the brain's plasticity during the childhood years. This means that often when one area of a child's brain is damaged, a different area of the brain can

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Optic Neuritis (ON)

Optic neuritis (ON) involves an attack of inflammation (swelling) in your optic nerve, which sends information from your eye to your brain about what you are seeing. In ON, there is damage to myelin,

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

At Boston Children’s Hospital, we have already helped many children cope with their multiple sclerosis (MS). Once considered to be a strictly “adult” condition, MS is now being diagnosed more often in

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