Conditions and Treatments from the Ophthalmology - Comprehensive Pediatric Services

Adenovirus Infections

Overview Adenoviruses are a group of viruses that cause respiratory (breathing) illnesses, such as a common cold, conjunctivitis (an infection in the eye), croup, bronchitis, bronchiolitis

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Angelman Syndrome

Overview Angelman syndrome is a complex genetic disorder that causes developmental and neurological problems, such as severe speech impairment and trouble walking and balancing (ataxia). affects about

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Astigmatism Hyperopia and Myopia

Refractive errors of the eye are seen in 20 percent of children and have been found to run in families. The most common refractive errors are astigmatism, hyperopia (farsightedness) and myopia

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Blepharitis

Overview Blepharitis is a persistent, recurring problem for a child that’s characterized by swelling of his eyelid. There is often a secondary infection of his eye and a loss of eyelashes. Blepharitis

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Blocked Tear Duct (Dacryostenosis)

Overview Tears are produced in the lacrimal gland, located under the bone of the eyebrow, and flow over the eye through tiny ducts along the eyelid. After draining away from the eye through two small

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Blood in the Eye (Hyphema)

Overview Hyphema refers to blood collecting in the anterior chamber of the eye, the front section of the eye's interior where fluid flows in and out and provides nourishment to the eye and surrounding

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Chalazion

Overview A chalazion is a persistent inflammation or swelling of the upper or lower eyelid that can also include the middle part of the eyelid. Swelling may also occur in other parts of the eye due to

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Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. The conjunctiva consists of the membrane that lines the inside of the eye as well as a thin membrane that

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Congenital Rubella

You’re likely to be confused and overwhelmed—not to mention scared—if your infant has been diagnosed with congenital rubella syndrome. But you can play an active role in helping him get better.

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Corneal Abrasions

Overview A corneal abrasion is a scratch or injury to the cornea, which is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. Corneal abrasions are very common in children. The condition

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Eye Injuries

Often caused by sports or other physical activity, eye injuries can be serious and are usually quite painful. They are also a common cause of vision loss in children. Eye injuries can range from

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Eye Socket Fracture

Overview The orbit is the bony structure around the eye. An eye socket fracture, or orbital fracture, occurs when one or more bones surrounding the eye are broken. An orbital fracture usually occurs

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Haemophilus Influenzae Infections

Overview Haemophilus influenzae, or H. influenzae, is a group of bacteria that cause different types of infections in infants and children. H. influenzae most commonly causes ear, eye or sinus

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Hemifacial Microsomia

What is Hemifacial microsomia? Hemifacial microsomia (HFM), also called craniofacial microsomia or sometimes "Goldenhar syndrome" is a condition in which half of one side of the face is underdeveloped

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Iritis (Uveitis)

Overview Iritis is a form of uveitis and refers to the inflammation of the iris of the eye. It’s the most common form of uveitis in children. Uveitis is a serious inflammatory eye disease in which the

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Kabuki Syndrome

Kabuki syndrome is a rare congenital disorder, meaning that children are born with the condition. Children with Kabuki syndrome usually have distinctive facial features and mild to moderate mental

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Marfan Syndrome

"My message to the public is if you notice common findings of Marfan in yourself or your child, these need to be evaluated right away--especially with an eye or cardiology exam." --Ronald Lacro, MD,

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Myopia

Myopia (nearsightedness) means that your child can see close up, but has problems seeing things far away. Vision problems may be classified as refractive errors or non-refractive errors. Myopia is a

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Orbital Cellulitis

The terms orbital cellulitis and periorbital cellulitis refer to an inflammation and infection of the tissue and skin surrounding the eye. Periorbital cellulitis involves the area from the skin of the

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Pfeiffer Syndrome

What is Pfeiffer Syndrome? Pfeiffer syndrome is a complex genetic disorder in which certain bones in the skull fuse (join together) early in their development. This prevents the skull from growing

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Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

"Although we can't prevent retinopathy of prematurity, we can often prevent its serious consequences through careful screening and treatment." --Suzanne Johnston, MD, Children?s pediatric

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Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome

Overview Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by the premature fusion of certain skull bones, which prevents the skull from growing normally and affects the shape of the head

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Stye (Hordeolum)

Overview A hordeolum, more commonly known as a stye, is an inflammation of part of the eyelash. Styes are seen more often in children than adults. A stye is caused by an infection in the oil-producing

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Toxoplasmosis

Overview Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a parasite, and it's usually acquired by the parasite getting into the body by the mouth (for instance, by eating undercooked meat). If the parasite

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Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)

Our bodies are stocked with sophisticated controls that keep our cells working in harmony with one other, so that no cells grow to overstep their bounds. When one of these central systems isn’t

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X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia

X-Linked agammaglobulinemia is an inherited disorder, occurring mainly in boys, in which your child is unable to produce antibodies (the body's primary defense against bacteria and viruses). Also

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