Conditions and Treatments from the Neuroanesthesia Program

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) involves a brief but intense attack of inflammation (swelling) in the brain and spinal cord that damages the brain's myelin. Myelin is the protective

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Bacterial Meningitis

Overview Meningitis is an infection that causes inflammation of the three thin layers of tissue, known as meninges, which cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis may be caused by a virus or by

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Brain Tumors

Today, more than 50 percent of all children diagnosed with a pediatric brain tumor will be cured of the disease. Tumors are masses of abnormal cells that can appear in all parts of the body and grow

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Encephalitis

"Children with encephalitis may benefit from the brain's plasticity during the childhood years. This means that often when one area of a child's brain is damaged, a different area of the brain can

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Guillain Barre Syndrome

In the most common form of Guillain-Barré syndrome, the myelin covering of nerves throughout the body (the “peripheral nerves”) is damaged. (In a rarer form of the disease, the nerve axons themselves

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Head or Brain Injury

While some head injuries do cause serious and lasting damage, it’s important to remember that “head injury” is a broad term describing many different types of trauma—ranging from mild to severe. Here

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Meningitis

Meningitis is a bacterial or viral infection that causes three thin layers of tissue that surround the brain and the spinal cord to swell. Doctors at Boston Children's Hospital have been leaders and

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Seizures

Seizures happen when brain cells fire or “talk” too much, temporarily disrupting the brain’s normal electrical signals. They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children, and they have a

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Spinal Cord Injury

The spinal cord serves not just one critical function, but several. A compact but extremely powerful package of nerves, it works with the brain to transmit important messages that are responsible for

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Stroke

Is my child having a stroke? If you see any of these symptoms in your child, don’t wait—go directly to an emergency room. weakness on one side of the body difficulty speaking difficulty walking or

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