Conditions and Treatments from the Neonatal And Congenital Anomaly Neurosurgery Program

Arachnoid Cysts

Arachnoid cysts are fluid-filled collections between the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane, one of three membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The cysts contain normal spinal

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Brain Tumors

Today, more than 50 percent of all children diagnosed with a pediatric brain tumor will be cured of the disease. Tumors are masses of abnormal cells that can appear in all parts of the body and grow

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Chiari Malformation

What is Chiari malformation? Chiari malformation is an abnormality in the back of the head where the brain and spinal cord meet. It causes some of the brain tissue at the base of the skull to be

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Encephaloceles

What is an encephalocele? An encephalocele is a rare birth defect in which the tissue covering the brain, and a portion of the brain itself, protrude through openings in the skull. It may be

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Hydrocephalus

What is hydrocephalus? Hydrocephalus — also called “water on the brain” — is a term used to describe several different problems that cause fluid to build up in or around the brain or to drain

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Spina Bifida

Between 1,400 and 2,000 babies are born with spina bifida in the U.S. each year—but not all of these children have the same needs. Our Spina Bifida Center develops treatment plans customized to meet

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Tethered Spinal Cord

What is a tethered spinal cord? A tethered spinal cord occurs when the spinal cord is attached to tissue around the spine, most commonly at the base of the spine. As a result, the spinal cord can’t

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