Conditions and Treatments from the Division of Medicine Critical Care

Airway Obstruction

Most incidences of accidental child strangulation, suffocation and choking occur in the home. As a parent, extra care should be taken to childproof your house for young children, keeping in mind that

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Bites and Scratches

Overview Whether your child is bitten by a family pet or an animal in the wild, the scratches and bites can become infected and cause scarring. All animal bites require treatment based on the type and

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Chemical Burns

Chemical burns can occur when strong acids or alkalies come in contact with your child's skin or eyes. Caring for chemical burns: Rinse exposed area with running water for 20 minutes; a hose is

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Congenital High Airway Obstruction (CHAOS)

Overview Congenital high airway obstruction (CHAOS) is a complete or nearly complete obstruction of the fetal airway. The obstruction can be due to a variety of causes including: a cyst in the larynx

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Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation

A congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a benign (non-cancerous) mass of abnormal lung tissue usually located on one lobe (section) of the lung. CCAMs occur with equal frequency on both

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Congenital Limb Defects

Congenital limb defects occur when a portion or the entire upper or lower limb fails to form normally when the baby is developing in the uterus. The most common congenital limb defects can include: •

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Cystic Lung Disease

Cystic lung disease is a term used to describe four distinct conditions that may share a degree of common origin during fetal development. These conditions are: Bronchogenic cysts (also called a

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Facial Cuts and Wounds

Children may get minor cuts, wounds, and face lacerations while playing, climbing or during sports activities. Most of these injuries can be handled at home with simple first-aid treatment. The gums,

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Fractures

Fractures happen when there’s more force applied to the bone than the bone can withstand. If your child has a fracture, it means that his bone has partially or completely broken. A fracture in a child

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Facial fractures

Facial fractures are broken bones in the face. This kind of a fracture can involve bones of the upper jaw, lower jaw, cheeks, and nose or eye sockets. A closed fracture is one in which the skin is not

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Foreign Bodies in the Eye

It's not uncommon for children to get foreign objects, like a speck of dirt, in their eyes. Foreign bodies in the eye refer to any objects in the eye not meant to be there. The object may be in the

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Eye Injuries

Often caused by sports or other physical activity, eye injuries can be serious and are usually quite painful. They are also a common cause of vision loss in children. Eye injuries can range from

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Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses or chemical irritants. It is a serious infection in which air sacs in the lungs fill with pus and other liquid. Pneumonia may be

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Puncture Wounds

What is a puncture wound? It is common for children to have puncture wounds. A puncture wound is a deep wound made by a sharp object such as a nail or a jagged piece of metal or wood. Puncture wounds

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Lacerations with Stitches

What is a laceration? A laceration is tear or opening in the skin caused by an injury. If your child has a small cut, he or she may only need minor treatment at home. If your child has a large

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Lacerations without Stitches

A laceration is tear or opening in the skin caused by an injury. If your child has a small laceration, he or she may only minor treatment at home. If your child has a large laceration, he may require

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Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning occurs when lead — a metal that was once a common ingredient in paint and is still used in batteries, pipes, pottery and even cosmetics — builds up in the body. Little by little, lead

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Respiratory Distress

Learning the signs of respiratory distress If your child is having difficulty breathing, she may show signs of being in danger of respiratory distress. It is important to learn these signs to know how

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Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a viral organism that can cause upper and lower respiratory tract infections. It most commonly causes bronchiolitis (inflammation

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- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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