Lower Extremity Program | Conditions and Treatments

Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia is a genetic bone disorder and the most common type of dwarfism. • Affects one in 20,000 babies • Arms and legs are short in proportion to body length and head is often large • The

Learn more
Bowlegs

Children with bowlegs, when standing straight with toes pointed forward, have ankles that touch but knees that do not. Bowlegs is a condition involving the shin and thigh (tibia and femur) bones.

Learn more
Broken Femur (Thigh Bone)

What is a broken femur? A broken femur (thigh bone) is a break in your child’s longest, largest, heaviest and strongest bone. The femur makes normal standing and walking possible. Although it’s a

Learn more
Broken Leg

Boston Children's Hospital provides expert diagnosis, treatment and care for every type and severity of broken leg in children. Read the information in the following pages to learn more about broken

Learn more
Broken Tibia/Fibula (Shin bone/Calf)

Pediatric tibia/fibula fractures Boston Children's Hospital can provide expert diagnosis, treatment and care for fractured tibias/fibulas in children. What is a fractured tibia/fibula? The tibia and

Learn more
Cleft Foot

"Our chief surgical goals with cleft foot are to close the cleft and to optimize the foot's function and appearance. At Boston Children's, we take an individualized approach to each child's limb

Learn more
Clubfoot

If your child has been diagnosed with a clubfoot, you’ll have concerns and questions about his health, treatment, recovery and other issues. It may comfort you to know that Boston Children's Hospital

Learn more
Congenital Limb Defects

Congenital limb defects occur when a portion or the entire upper or lower limb fails to form normally when the baby is developing in the uterus. The most common congenital limb defects can include: •

Learn more
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (Hip Dysplasia and DDH)

If your baby or child has been diagnosed with developmental dysplasia of the hip (also known as DDH or hip dysplasia), you’ll have concerns and questions about her treatment, recovery, outlook and

Learn more
Dislocations

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center have treated thousands of babies and children with many bone-related conditions. We provide expert diagnosis,

Learn more
Dislocated Patella

A dislocated patella occurs when the kneecap (patella) pops out from its normal position. This can occur as the result of force or, more often, is related to a developmental condition that leads to an

Learn more
Femoral Anteversion

Most children don't need treatment for femoral anteversion, since the condition usually resolves on it own. For kids who need surgery for severe forms of the condition, the outlook is excellent. The

Learn more
Fractures

Fractures happen when there’s more force applied to the bone than the bone can withstand. If your child has a fracture, it means that his bone has partially or completely broken. A fracture in a child

Learn more
Knock Knees

"Out of all the thousands of kids we see for this condition, maybe one in 1,000 won't straighten naturally. Just about 99 percent of the time, a 3 or 4 year-old with physiologic genu valgum is going

Learn more
Leg Length Discrepancy

If your child has been diagnosed with leg length discrepancy you’ll have questions about her diagnosis, treatment and recovery. At Boston Children’s, we partner with and support families through the

Learn more
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

What is Legg-Calve-Perthes disease? Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (also known as Perthes disease or Legg Perthes) is a temporary condition in children in which the ball-shaped head of the thighbone

Learn more
Metatarsus Adductus

What is Metatarsus adductus? Metatarsus adductus, also known as metatarsus varus, is a common foot deformity noted at birth that causes the front half of the foot, or forefoot, to turn inward. • May

Learn more
Muscle Weakness (Hypotonia)

Hypotonia means decreased muscle tone. It can be a condition on its own, called benign congenital hypotonia, or it can be indicative of another problem where there is progressive loss of muscle tone,

Learn more
Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse condition or injury of the knee that causes pain and swelling below the knee area over the shin bone. It is characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon

Learn more
Osteogenesis Imperfecta

"When a child has OI, it's important to use a multidisciplinary approach that involves a care team of the different specialists the child may need. This includes orthopedists, geneticists,

Learn more
Patellar instability

Overview The patella, or kneecap, is a small bone that fits into a groove on the end of the thighbone and sits over the knee, allowing it to function properly. When the groove is shallow or an

Learn more
Patellofemoral Pain

Pain around the front of the knee is often referred to as patellofemoral pain. This pain may be caused by: • soft cartilage under the kneecap (the patella) • referred pain from another area such as

Learn more
Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is pain on the bottom of one or both heels, caused by irritation to the plantar fascia, which are the dense tissue bands that connect the heels to the toes. • Pain is usually is felt

Learn more
Sever's Disease

Boston Children’s Hospital's Lower Extremity Program in the Orthopedic Center has experience caring for adolescents Sever’s disease, a common heel injury that can be easily treated without your child

Learn more
Tarsal Coalition

If your child has been diagnosed with tarsal coalition, you’ll have concerns and questions about her health, treatment, recovery and other issues. It may comfort you to know that Boston Children’s

Learn more
Tibial Torsion

What is tibial torsion? When your child is first learning how to walk, tibial torsion can create an intoeing appearance. As the feet toe in, the legs look like they are bowed. The bowed leg stance

Learn more
Walking (Gait) Abnormalities

Watch a 1 year old wobble around, and you'll see her gait, or walking cycle, doesn't quite resemble that of an adult. She'll have a wider stance, rapid cadence and short steps. In fact, it takes until

Learn more
We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 617-355-6000 | 800-355-7944

Close