Lower Extremity Program | Conditions and Treatments

Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia is a genetic bone disorder and the most common type of dwarfism. • Affects one in 20,000 babies • Arms and legs are short in proportion to body length and head is often large • The...

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Bowlegs

Children with bowlegs, when standing straight with toes pointed forward, have ankles that touch but knees that do not. Bowlegs is a condition involving the shin and thigh (tibia and femur) bones....

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Broken Femur (Thigh Bone)

What is a broken femur? A broken femur (thigh bone) is a break in your child’s longest, largest, heaviest and strongest bone. The femur makes normal standing and walking possible. Although it’s a...

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Broken Leg

Boston Children's Hospital provides expert diagnosis, treatment and care for every type and severity of broken leg in children. Read the information in the following pages to learn more about broken...

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Broken Tibia/Fibula (Shin bone/Calf)

Pediatric tibia/fibula fractures Boston Children's Hospital can provide expert diagnosis, treatment and care for fractured tibias/fibulas in children. What is a fractured tibia/fibula? The tibia and...

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Cleft Foot

"Our chief surgical goals with cleft foot are to close the cleft and to optimize the foot's function and appearance. At Boston Children's, we take an individualized approach to each child's limb...

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Clubfoot

If your child has been diagnosed with a clubfoot, you’ll have concerns and questions about his health, treatment, recovery and other issues. It may comfort you to know that Boston Children's Hospital...

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Congenital Limb Defects

Congenital limb defects occur when a portion or the entire upper or lower limb fails to form normally when the baby is developing in the uterus. The most common congenital limb defects can include: •...

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Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH)

What is hip dysplasia? Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), also known as hip dysplasia, is a congenital condition in which the hip joint doesn’t develop normally. DDH ranges from a minor laxity ...

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Dislocations

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center have treated thousands of babies and children with many bone-related conditions. We provide expert diagnosis,...

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Dislocated Patella

A dislocated patella occurs when the kneecap (patella) pops out from its normal position. This can occur as the result of force or, more often, is related to a developmental condition that leads to an...

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Femoral Anteversion

Most children don't need treatment for femoral anteversion, since the condition usually resolves on it own. For kids who need surgery for severe forms of the condition, the outlook is excellent. The...

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Fractures

Fractures happen when there’s more force applied to the bone than the bone can withstand. If your child has a fracture, it means that his bone has partially or completely broken. A fracture in a child...

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Knock Knees

"Out of all the thousands of kids we see for this condition, maybe one in 1,000 won't straighten naturally. Just about 99 percent of the time, a 3 or 4 year-old with physiologic genu valgum is going...

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Leg Length Discrepancy

What is leg length discrepancy? If your child has one leg that’s shorter than the other, he or she has a condition called leg length discrepancy. The difference in leg length can range from a half...

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Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

What is Legg-Calve-Perthes disease? Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (also known as Perthes disease or Legg Perthes) is a temporary condition in children in which the ball-shaped head of the thighbone ...

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Metatarsus Adductus

What is Metatarsus adductus? Metatarsus adductus, also known as metatarsus varus, is a common foot deformity noted at birth that causes the front half of the foot, or forefoot, to turn inward. • May...

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Muscle Weakness (Hypotonia)

Hypotonia means decreased muscle tone. It can be a condition on its own, called benign congenital hypotonia, or it can be indicative of another problem where there is progressive loss of muscle tone,...

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Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse condition or injury of the knee that causes pain and swelling below the knee area over the shin bone. It is characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon...

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta

"When a child has OI, it's important to use a multidisciplinary approach that involves a care team of the different specialists the child may need. This includes orthopedists, geneticists,...

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Patellar instability

Overview The patella, or kneecap, is a small bone that fits into a groove on the end of the thighbone and sits over the knee, allowing it to function properly. When the groove is shallow or an...

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Patellofemoral Pain

Pain around the front of the knee is often referred to as patellofemoral pain. This pain may be caused by: • soft cartilage under the kneecap (the patella) • referred pain from another area such as...

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Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is pain on the bottom of one or both heels, caused by irritation to the plantar fascia, which are the dense tissue bands that connect the heels to the toes. • Pain is usually is felt...

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Sever's Disease

Boston Children’s Hospital's Lower Extremity Program in the Orthopedic Center has experience caring for adolescents Sever’s disease, a common heel injury that can be easily treated without your child...

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Tarsal Coalition

If your child has been diagnosed with tarsal coalition, you’ll have concerns and questions about her health, treatment, recovery and other issues. It may comfort you to know that Boston Children’s...

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Tibial Torsion

What is tibial torsion? When your child is first learning how to walk, tibial torsion can create an intoeing appearance. As the feet toe in, the legs look like they are bowed. The bowed leg stance...

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Walking (Gait) Abnormalities

Watch a 1 year old wobble around, and you'll see her gait, or walking cycle, doesn't quite resemble that of an adult. She'll have a wider stance, rapid cadence and short steps. In fact, it takes until...

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- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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