Cardiac Catheterization Program | Conditions and Treatments

Aortic valve stenosis

What is aortic valve stenosis? The term “stenosis” describes an abnormal narrowing within a structure of the body. Aortic valve stenosis, therefore, refers to the narrowing of the heart’s aortic valve...

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Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

What is an atrial septal defect? An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a hole in the wall that separates the upper right and left heart collecting chambers (atria). “Atrial” is the name we give to the...

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Coarctation of the Aorta

What is coarctation of the aorta? Coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of the aorta, the main artery that delivers oxygen-rich (red) blood to the body. A coarctation is located just past the aortic...

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Coronary Artery Fistula

A coronary artery fistula is an abnormal connection between one of the coronary arteries and a heart chamber or another blood vessel. Coronary artery fistula is a rare condition. Infants who are born...

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Mitral Valve Stenosis

What is mitral valve stenosis? The mitral valve plays a key role in the functioning of the heart. This one-way valve helps move oxygenated (red) blood from the left atrium into the left ventricle,...

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Patent Ductus Arteriosus

What is patent ductus arteriosus? Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital heart condition where there is a persistent connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta. This causes blood to mix...

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Pulmonary Atresia

What is pulmonary atresia? Pulmonary atresia is type of heart defect that a baby is born with. It occurs when the pulmonary valve — normally located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary...

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Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

What is pulmonary valve stenosis? Pulmonary valve stenosis is the term describing a narrowing in the opening of the pulmonary valve. The pulmonary valve functions as a one-way valve that allows blood...

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Pulmonary Vein Stenosis

"We're thinking not only in terms of getting the child through a procedure today, but also of how life might be for that child at age 50, 60, 70. How do we plan their management over many decades? It...

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Kawasaki Disease

What is Kawasaki disease? Kawasaki disease is an acute childhood illness that causes inflammation of the blood vessels in many areas of the body. If not treated early, it can cause damage to the...

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Septal Defects

What is a septal defect? A septal defect is a hole in the septum, which is the muscle wall that separates the heart's left and right chambers. A septal defect is sometimes called "a hole in the heart....

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Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)

What is tetralogy of Fallot? Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a serious, congenital heart defect, affecting about two in 10,000 babies. In TOF, the abnormal connections prevent enough oxygen-poor (blue)...

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Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with Pulmonary Atresia

What is tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia? Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with pulmonary atresia is a more severe form of TOF, a type of heart defect. It’s a congenital condition, which means it’s...

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Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)

What is transposition of the great arteries? In transposition of the great arteries (TGA), the “great” arteries, the aorta and the right ventricle, are reversed in their origins from the heart. The...

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Truncus Arteriosis

What is truncus arteriosus? Truncus arteriosus is a heart defect in which a single artery instead of two (truncus arteriosus) carries blood from the heart. It’s a congenital condition, meaning a baby...

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Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

What is a ventricular septal defect? A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall that separates the lower right and left heart chambers (ventricles). It is the most common type of...

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