Conditions and Treatments from the Home Parenteral Nutrition Program

Cloacal Exstrophy

A child with cloacal exstrophy is typically born with many intra-abdominal structures exposed. Although it is a serious condition, and requires a series of operations, the long-term outcome is good

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Diarrhea

What is diarrhea in children? Diarrhea is defined as watery stool, increased frequency of bowel movement, or both. In most cases, diarrhea in children lasts no more than a few days and goes away on

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Gastroschisis

What is gastroschisis? Gastroschisis is an opening in the abdominal wall that appears during fetal development. It is considered to be a birth defect. Gastroschisis occurs in about 1 in every 5,000

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Hirschsprung's Disease

Hirschsprung's disease occurs when some of your baby’s intestinal nerve cells don’t develop properly, causing them to interfere with the movement of food and stools in the intestines. The intestine

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Intestinal atresia and stenosis

Nutrition is absorbed by the intestines similar to the way that water is absorbed by a sponge. But some children are born with defects that prevent their intestines from “soaking up” all the nutrition

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Intestinal Malrotation

When a fetus is about five weeks old, her intestine exits her abdomen into the amniotic fluid (where there’s more space), and continues to grow there. At around ten weeks, the intestine re-enters the

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Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is a common blood disorder that occurs when red blood cell counts are low due to a lack of iron. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia in otherwise healthy children

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Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Necrotizing enterocolitis is (NEC) is a serious intestinal illness in babies that results in the death of intestinal tissues. Premature babies or sick newborns are at the greatest risk for necrotizing

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Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS)

The small intestine is an important part of the digestive tract – it’s where we absorb most of the sugars, proteins and fats from the food we eat. If a child doesn’t have enough small intestine, her

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