Head, Neck and Skull Base Surgery Program | Conditions and Treatments

Angiofibroma

Overview Angiofibroma is a relatively rare tumor occurring almost exclusively in adolescent boys. The tumor is benign but aggressive. It grows in the back of the nasal cavity. It can obstruct the

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Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs)

Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs) are abnormal connections between arteries and veins that are congenital (present at birth). They don't have the normal network of tiny vessels (capillaries) that

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Cervical Teratoma

Overview A cervical teratoma is a very rare congenital tumor in the neck. These tumors tend to be large, disfiguring masses — partly solid and partly fluid They make it impossible for a newborn to

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Chondromas

Overview Chondromas are benign (not cancerous) tumors made of cartilage that are found mostly in the small bones of the hand and feet. They can also occur in the humerus (upper arm), femur (thigh bone

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Craniopharyngioma

A craniopharyngioma is a tumor of the brain that commonly affects children. The tumor grows in the area of the pituitary gland and the optic nerves, and frequently grows up into the base of your child

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Desmoid Tumor

A Desmoid tumor develops in the fibrous tissue that forms tendons and ligaments. most often it occurs in the arms, legs or midsection it can also occur in the head and neck desmoid tumor is also

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Fibrosarcoma

A fibrosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that originates in the connective tissue found at the ends of bones of the arm or legs, and then spreads to other surrounding soft tissues. Soft tissues include:

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Giant Cell Tumor

Overview A giant cell tumor is a benign solitary tumor that usually grows in the ends of long bones, and contains unusually large cells that are called giant cells. Most commonly occur in the femur

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Hemangiopericytoma

Overview Hemangiopericytoma is a rare tumor that grows in the body’s soft tissue, which includes fat, muscles, tendons, nerves, blood vessels and other fibrous tissue. In a baby, this condition is

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Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a cancerous tumor that begins in nerve tissue of very young children, usually beginning in the abdomen or adrenal glands. Abnormal nerve cells may be present before birth, but the

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Radiosurgery

In stereotactic radiosurgery, a neurosurgeon focuses beams of high-energy radiation on a child's tumor or malformation while leaving the nearby tissues unaffected. Three tools that can be used to

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Treatment
Teratoma

A teratoma is a congenital (present prior to birth) tumor formed by different types of tissue. Teratomas in newborns are generally benign and don't spread. They can, however, be malignant, depending

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Arachnoid Cysts

Arachnoid cysts are fluid-filled collections between the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane, one of three membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The cysts contain normal spinal

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Branchial Cleft Remnant

A branchial cleft remnant is a birth defect that occurs in your child's neck. During the fifth week of fetal development, major head and neck structures are formed. The five pharyngeal arches (bands

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Chiari Malformation

What is Chiari malformation? Chiari malformation is an abnormality in the back of the head where the brain and spinal cord meet. It causes some of the brain tissue at the base of the skull to be

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Chondrosarcoma of the Head and Neck

Overview Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that resembles the cartilage that coats the ends of bones and forms joints. Chondrosarcoma occurs primarily in adults, are rarely encountered during the

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Cysts and Sinuses of the Head and Neck

Overview Cysts and sinuses of the head and neck include a variety of soft, usually non-tender benign lumps or masses that are congenital (developed prior to birth) and are found below the skin

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Ewing Sarcoma

Ewing sarcoma is a kind of cancer that grows in bones or soft tissues. The tumor was first described by a pathologist, Dr. James Ewing, in the 1920’s. Most often, it is found in the bones of the

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Fibrous Dysplasia

Overview Fibrous dysplasia is a developmental abnormality that results in abnormal growth, pain and deformity of the affected bones. The condition is subdivided into three types: Monomelic: This is

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Hamartoma

Overview A hamartoma is an abnormal growth that's made up of the same tissue from which it grows. The abnormality is that there are an excess number of cells that are structurally different from the

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Lymphatic Malformation

A lymphatic malformation (LM) is a sponge-like collection of abnormal growths that contain clear fluid. probably caused by a developmental error in the womb no known food, medication, or activity

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Odontogenic Tumors

Overview Odontogenic tumors are any kind of abnormal growth in and around the jaw and teeth. Many of these tumors are considered to be benign. In unusual cases, odontogenic tumors are malignant,

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Rhabdomyosarcoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that grows in the body's soft tissues (which connect, support or surround organs and other body structures), particularly in the muscles that attach to bone and

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Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

About Thyroglossal Duct Cyst in children: In the fetus, the thyroid gland forms at the bottom of the tongue. Early in fetal life it then “migrates” or moves from the bottom of the tongue downward to

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