Hand & Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program | Conditions and Treatments

Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

Aneurysmal bone cysts Bones naturally grow and change as your child gets older. However, throughout a long process, abnormalities can sometimes occur. An aneurysmal bone cyst (which is often

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Arthrogryposis

Arthrogryposis is a term used to describe a number of rare conditions characterized by stiff joints and abnormally developed muscles. It’s also referred to as arthrogryposis multiplex congenital, or

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Brachial plexus birth palsy

If your baby or child has been diagnosed with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP), we know that you and your family are worried about her future, and maybe even under some stress. So, please know that

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Broken Arm

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm

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Broken Elbow

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm

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Broken Forearm

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm

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Camptodactyly

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm

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Cleft Hand

"Our chief surgical goals with cleft hand are to close the cleft, optimize the thumb's function to preserve or enhance grasping, pinching and releasing movements, and improve the hand's appearance."

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Clinodactyly

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm

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Congenital Limb Defects

Congenital limb defects occur when a portion or the entire upper or lower limb fails to form normally when the baby is developing in the uterus. The most common congenital limb defects can include: •

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Constriction Ring Syndrome

Constriction ring syndrome occurs when fibrous bands of the amniotic sac (the lining inside the uterus that contains a fetus) become entangled around a developing fetus. • It’s also known as amniotic

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Dislocations

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center have treated thousands of babies and children with many bone-related conditions. We provide expert diagnosis,

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Dislocated Shoulder

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm and upper

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Enchondroma

Enchondromas are non-cancerous cartilage tumors that can occur in the arms and legs. • Enchondromas are the most common type of bone tumor in the hand. • Boys and girls of any racial background can be

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Ewing Sarcoma

Ewing sarcoma is a kind of cancer that grows in bones or soft tissues. The tumor was first described by a pathologist, Dr. James Ewing, in the 1920’s. Most often, it is found in the bones of the

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Fibrosarcoma

A fibrosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that originates in the connective tissue found at the ends of bones of the arm or legs, and then spreads to other surrounding soft tissues. Soft tissues include:

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Fractures

Fractures happen when there’s more force applied to the bone than the bone can withstand. If your child has a fracture, it means that his bone has partially or completely broken. A fracture in a child

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Growth Plate Fractures

At Boston Children's Hospital, we have specialized expertise in treating growth plate fractures and other pediatric bone conditions. This important because, since children’s bones are still growing,

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Little League Elbow

Little League elbow is a broad term that generally refers to an injury to the elbow’s tendons, ligaments and/or bones in a young, throwing athlete. Most of the time, the injury is due to overuse, but

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Little League Shoulder

Little League shoulder happens when an athlete throws too often or repeatedly throws the wrong way and hurts his shoulder. In younger athletes, growth plates—soft places toward the end of the bone

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Macrodactyly

Macrodactyly is an uncommon condition in which a baby’s toes or fingers are abnormally large due to the overgrowth of the underlying bone and soft tissue. The condition is congenital, meaning babies

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Madelung's Deformity (Madelung Deformity)

If your child has been diagnosed with Madelung deformity (also known at Madelung's Deformity), we at Boston Children’s Hospital will do everything we can to treat her—and you—with sensitivity and

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Osteochondroma (Extosis)

Overview Osteochondroma is the most common type of non-cancerous (benign) bone tumor. An osteochondroma is a hard mass of cartilage and bone that generally appears near the growth plate (a layer of

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Pollicization Surgery

Pollicization surgery is performed when your child has no thumb or when the thumb hypoplasia is more severe. The operation involves creating a functional thumb by transferring another finger (usually

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Polydactyly of Fingers

Please note: these pages focus primarily on polydactyly of the fingers. For details on polydactyly of the thumb, see thumb duplication. If your baby or child has been born with one or more extra

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Radial Dysplasia (radial club hand, radial longitudinal deficiency)

If your baby was born with radial dysplasia (radial club hand), we know that you and your family are concerned. So, please know that at Children’s Hospital Boston, we will approach your child’s

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Radioulnar synostosis

If your baby was born with radioulnar synostosis, we know that you and your family are concerned. So, please know that at Boston Children’s Hospital, we will approach your child’s treatment and care

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Rhabdomyosarcoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that grows in the body's soft tissues (which connect, support or surround organs and other body structures), particularly in the muscles that attach to bone and

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Shoulder Dislocation

The shoulder The shoulder is the most versatile joint in the body, moving in many different directions. A sudden force to the shoulder, as from a collision, for example, can cause the top of the upper

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Shoulder instability (dislocated shoulder)

As our understanding of instability of the shoulder joint has increased, so too has our expertise in treatment, including important advances in surgical techniques. – Donald S. Bae, MD, associate in

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Symbrachydactyly

If your baby or child has been born with short fingers that are webbed or conjoined, a condition called symbrachydactyly, the specialists at Boston Children’s Hospital can help. Symbrachydactyly is

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Syndactyly

If your baby or child has been born with a webbed hand or conjoined fingers (syndactyly), we share your concern. Please know that at Boston Children's Hospital, we will approach your child’s treatment

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Synovial Sarcoma

Over time, your child’s joints naturally grow and change. However, throughout this process, problems can sometimes occur. A synovial sarcoma is one such abnormality and is a serious condition that

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Thumb duplication (pre-axial polydactyly)

Please note: these pages focus on thumb duplication, or polydactyly of the thumb. For details on polydactyly of other fingers, see our web pages on polydactyly. If your baby was born with more than

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Thumb Hypoplasia/Aplasia

Thumb hypoplasia, also commonly called hypoplastic thumb, means that your child’s thumb is unusually small or underdeveloped. Thumb aplasia means that your child’s thumb is missing altogether. In

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Trigger Thumb

The Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program provides comprehensive care involving occupational and physical therapy, splinting, casting and reconstructive surgeries for infants, children and

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Ulnar Club Hand

A diagnosis of ulnar club hand means that your child’s wrist is in a fixed and bent position toward the side of the hand with the little finger. • It’s caused by an ulna (the bone that connects the

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Unicameral Bone Cyst

Overview What is a unicameral bone cyst? A unicameral bone cyst, otherwise known as a simple bone cyst, is a fluid-filled cavity in the bone, lined by compressed fibrous tissue. It usually occurs in

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Vascular Malformations, Tumors, and Hemangiomas

Vascular malformations, tumors and hemangiomas all refer to a variety of non-cancerous birthmarks and lesions. Boston Children's Hospital is home to internationally renowned physicians for their

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