General Renal Program | Conditions and Treatments

Glomerulonephritis

Overview Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease that involves the glomeruli — very small structures in the kidneys that supply blood to units in the kidneys that filter urine — called the...

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Congenital Scoliosis

If your child has been diagnosed with congenital scoliosis, we know that you and your family are under stress and may be dealing with other conditions associated with your child’s scoliosis. So, at...

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Syncope

Syncope is the medical term for fainting. It’s a temporary loss of consciousness and muscle tone that occurs when not enough blood goes to the brain. Fainting affects people of all ages. More than 100...

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Malignant Rhabdoid Tumor

Malignant rhabdoid tumor is a rare childhood tumor that commonly starts in the kidneys but also can occur in other soft tissues or in the brain, where it is referred to as atypical teratoid/rhabdoid...

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Condition
Alagille Syndrome

Alagille syndrome is a genetic disorder of your child’s liver and other organs that causes reduced bile flow because of too few bile ducts inside the liver. The syndrome is usually diagnosed during...

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Diamond Blackfan Anemia

Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare blood disorder that occurs when the bone marrow fails to make red blood cells, which are essential for carrying oxygen from the lungs to all the other parts of...

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Condition
Hematuria

Hematuria is blood found in your child's urine. Although this condition is alarming, it is quite common in children, often harmless and often easily treated once its cause is determined. There are...

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Hydronephrosis

What is hydronephrosis? Hydronephrosis is a condition, affecting about 1 in 100 babies, where urine overfills or backs up into the kidney, causing the kidney to swell. Infants with hydronephrosis may...

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Pericarditis

Pericarditis is a condition in which the sac-like covering around the heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed. often causes chest pain usually sudden and short-lived (acute) chest pain occurs when the...

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Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys. These cysts can reduce the kidney's ability to function, leading...

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Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)

What is slipped capital femoral epiphysis? Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is one of the most common developmental conditions of the hip joint; it usually affects teens and pre-teens. In SCFE...

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Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)

Our bodies are stocked with sophisticated controls that keep our cells working in harmony with one other, so that no cells grow to overstep their bounds. When one of these central systems isn’t...

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Addison's Disease

Overview I have this great privilege of being able to restore many of my patients to normal functioning and see them feel better the day after they start medication. David Breault, MD, PhD, Boston...

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Congenital Anomalies of the Esophagus and Trachea

Congenital anomalies of the esophagus and trachea are birth defects that occur before your baby is born. There are several kinds: Esophageal atresia- With esophageal atresia, your child's esophagus...

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Fanconi Anemia

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare inherited disease characterized by multiple physical abnormalities, bone marrow failure, and a higher than normal risk of cancer. Researchers have shown that defects ...

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Condition
Horseshoe Kidney

Horseshoe kidney is a condition in which the kidneys are fused together at the lower end or base. By fusing, they form a "U" shape, which gives it the name "horseshoe." Horseshoe kidney occurs during...

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Hypertension

Most people think of hypertension (high blood pressure) as something that affects adults, children can also be affected. In fact, it’s estimated that up to 5 percent of children and adolescents now...

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Kidney Failure

Kidney failure refers to temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys that results in loss of normal kidney function. There are two different types of kidney failure - acute kidney injury and chronic...

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Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney

Overview Multicystic dysplastic kidney is a condition in which the kidney has been essentially replaced by multiple cysts. It is the result of abnormal fetal development of the kidney. There is little...

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Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital heart condition in which the ductus, a small opening or pathway between the pulmonary and aortic valves, remains open or patent. In most cases, the ductus...

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Scoliosis

If your child has been diagnosed with scoliosis may have questions about her treatment. The caregivers in the Boston Children’s Hospital Spinal Program have treated many children with scoliosis and...

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Turner Syndrome

"I approach treatment as a long-term conversation between me, the patient and her parents about the best courses of action. Establishing some level of normalcy for families in situations that's aren't...

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Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR)

In normal kidney-bladder function, urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder. In children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), the urine flows backwards from the bladder up toward the kidneys. As a...

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Wilms' Tumor

Wilms tumor (also called nephroblastoma) is a cancerous tumor in the cells of the kidney. Fortunately, with the right treatment, Wilms tumor is highly treatable. Wilms tumor can occur at any age...

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Condition
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