Conditions and Treatments from the General Pediatric Consultation Program

Nosebleeds

Overview Nosebleeds can be a scary occurrence, but are usually not dangerous. The medical term for nosebleed is epistaxis. They are fairly common in children, especially in dry climates or during the

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Splinters

What is a splinter? A splinter is a sharp sliver of wood, glass or other debris that is lodged underneath the skin. Removal of small, superficial splinters can usually be done at home. First-aid for

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Abrasion

What is an abrasion? An abrasion is a superficial rub or wearing off of the skin, usually caused by a scrape or a brush burn. Abrasions are usually minor injuries that you can treat at home. When

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At-risk youth

Overview Many adolescents are healthy, but some may be at an increased risk for becoming pregnant, acquiring a sexually transmitted disease (STD), abusing substances or developing an eating disorder.

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Blocked Tear Duct (Dacryostenosis)

Overview Tears are produced in the lacrimal gland, located under the bone of the eyebrow, and flow over the eye through tiny ducts along the eyelid. After draining away from the eye through two small

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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

More than 200 people die each year from carbon monoxide poisoning, and thousands of others develop symptoms that require emergency medical attention. Carbon monoxide poisoning is the most common cause

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Cold

Overview A cold, also called an upper respiratory infection (URI), is a collection of symptoms and one of the most common illnesses, leading to more doctor visits and absences from school and work

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Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. The conjunctiva consists of the membrane that lines the inside of the eye as well as a thin membrane that

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Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning occurs when lead — a metal that was once a common ingredient in paint and is still used in batteries, pipes, pottery and even cosmetics — builds up in the body. Little by little, lead

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Phimosis and Paraphimosis

What is phimosis and paraphimosis? Phimosis is a constriction of the opening of the foreskin so that it cannot be drawn back over the tip of the penis. This condition is a normal occurrence in the

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Reye Syndrome

Reye syndrome is a rare condition that affects the normal chemical balance in the body, resulting in potential damage to all organs, but primarily the brain and liver. As the inflammation in the brain

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Small Cuts and Scrapes

Overview Small cuts and scrapes are often viewed as part of childhood and growing up. Most cuts and scrapes are minor injuries that can be treated at home. The skin opening may bleed or drain a small

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