General Orthopedic Program | Conditions and Treatments

AC Joint Injuries

Overview The AC (acromioclavicular) joint is a joint in the shoulder where the collarbone (clavicle) meets the shoulder blade (scapula). The specific part of the scapula, adjacent to the clavicle, is

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Acetabular labral (hip) tears

If you or your teen has an acetabular labral tear, you may have many concerns and questions. It may comfort you to know that caregivers at Boston Children's Hospital Child and Young Adult Hip

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Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia is a genetic bone disorder and the most common type of dwarfism. • Affects one in 20,000 babies • Arms and legs are short in proportion to body length and head is often large • The

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Ankle Sprain

A sprain is a stretch injury of the ligaments that support the ankle. The ligaments on the outside of the ankle are most commonly injured when the foot is turned inward on an awkward step. About 25

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Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury

If your child has an ACL injury, you may have many concerns and questions. It may comfort you to know that caregivers at Boston Children's Hospital offer a wealth of experience treating children,

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Bone tumors and bone cysts

(Benign) Bone tumors and cysts Finding out that your teen or child has a bone tumor or cyst can cause a lot of anxiety for everyone in the family. You’ll have concerns about your child’s treatment,

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Bowlegs

Children with bowlegs, when standing straight with toes pointed forward, have ankles that touch but knees that do not. Bowlegs is a condition involving the shin and thigh (tibia and femur) bones.

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Broken Arm

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm

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Broken Elbow

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm

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Broken Femur (Thigh Bone)

What is a broken femur? A broken femur (thigh bone) is a break in your child’s longest, largest, heaviest and strongest bone. The femur makes normal standing and walking possible. Although it’s a

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Broken Forearm

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm

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Broken Leg

Boston Children's Hospital provides expert diagnosis, treatment and care for every type and severity of broken leg in children. Read the information in the following pages to learn more about broken

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Broken Tibia/Fibula (Shin bone/Calf)

Pediatric tibia/fibula fractures Boston Children's Hospital can provide expert diagnosis, treatment and care for fractured tibias/fibulas in children. What is a fractured tibia/fibula? The tibia and

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Bunions

Overview A bunion is a bump that occurs at the base of the big toe when the joint that connects the toe to the foot (the metatarsophalangeal joint) becomes enlarged and sticks out. While bunions are

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Cleft Foot

"Our chief surgical goals with cleft foot are to close the cleft and to optimize the foot's function and appearance. At Boston Children's, we take an individualized approach to each child's limb

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Cleft Hand

"Our chief surgical goals with cleft hand are to close the cleft, optimize the thumb's function to preserve or enhance grasping, pinching and releasing movements, and improve the hand's appearance."

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Clubfoot

If your child has been diagnosed with a clubfoot, you’ll have concerns and questions about his health, treatment, recovery and other issues. It may comfort you to know that Boston Children's Hospital

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Congenital Limb Defects

Congenital limb defects occur when a portion or the entire upper or lower limb fails to form normally when the baby is developing in the uterus. The most common congenital limb defects can include: •

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Congenital Scoliosis

If your child has been diagnosed with congenital scoliosis, we know that you and your family are under stress and may be dealing with other conditions associated with your child’s scoliosis. So, at

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Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (Hip Dysplasia and DDH)

If your baby or child has been diagnosed with developmental dysplasia of the hip (also known as DDH or hip dysplasia), you’ll have concerns and questions about her treatment, recovery, outlook and

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Dislocations

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center have treated thousands of babies and children with many bone-related conditions. We provide expert diagnosis,

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Dislocated Shoulder

You can have peace of mind knowing that the skilled experts in our Orthopedic Center's Hand and Orthopedic Upper Extremity Program have treated thousands of babies and children with many arm and upper

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Dislocated Patella

A dislocated patella occurs when the kneecap (patella) pops out from its normal position. This can occur as the result of force or, more often, is related to a developmental condition that leads to an

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Femoral Anteversion

Most children don't need treatment for femoral anteversion, since the condition usually resolves on it own. For kids who need surgery for severe forms of the condition, the outlook is excellent. The

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Fractures

Fractures happen when there’s more force applied to the bone than the bone can withstand. If your child has a fracture, it means that his bone has partially or completely broken. A fracture in a child

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Growth Plate Fractures

At Boston Children's Hospital, we have specialized expertise in treating growth plate fractures and other pediatric bone conditions. This important because, since children’s bones are still growing,

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Hip Impingement

Boston Children’s Hospital hip specialists at the Child & Young Adult Hip Preservation Program treat patients of all ages. Many teens and young adults with hip problems need diagnostic and surgical

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Hip Fracture

If your child or teen has broken his hip, it causes disruption and stress—for your child and the whole family. You’ll have concerns and questions about your child’s pain, treatment, length of recovery

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Kyphosis

If your child or teen has been diagnosed with kyphosis (also known as hyper-kyphosis), we know that you and your family are concerned. At Boston Children’s Hospital, we’ll approach your child’s

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Leg Length Discrepancy

If your child has been diagnosed with leg length discrepancy you’ll have questions about her diagnosis, treatment and recovery. At Boston Children’s, we partner with and support families through the

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Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

What is Legg-Calve-Perthes disease? Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (also known as Perthes disease or Legg Perthes) is a temporary condition in children in which the ball-shaped head of the thighbone

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Little League Elbow

Little League elbow is a broad term that generally refers to an injury to the elbow’s tendons, ligaments and/or bones in a young, throwing athlete. Most of the time, the injury is due to overuse, but

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Little League Shoulder

Little League shoulder happens when an athlete throws too often or repeatedly throws the wrong way and hurts his shoulder. In younger athletes, growth plates—soft places toward the end of the bone

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Lordosis

The curves of the spine Just as the shapes of peoples' bodies differ, the normal spine varies in size and shape. You may have been told to stand up straight, but no one's spine is perfectly straight.

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Meniscus (knee) tears

"We advise kids not to specialize in just one sport. Multi-sport athletes tend not to get as many meniscal tears and other acute and overuse injuries. And for practicing, we advise kids and coaches to

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Metatarsus Adductus

What is Metatarsus adductus? Metatarsus adductus, also known as metatarsus varus, is a common foot deformity noted at birth that causes the front half of the foot, or forefoot, to turn inward. • May

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Muscle Weakness (Hypotonia)

Hypotonia means decreased muscle tone. It can be a condition on its own, called benign congenital hypotonia, or it can be indicative of another problem where there is progressive loss of muscle tone,

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Nursemaid's Elbow

Overview Nursemaid's elbow occurs when the radius (one of the bones in the forearm) slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint. It is a common condition in children younger

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Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse condition or injury of the knee that causes pain and swelling below the knee area over the shin bone. It is characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon

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Osteochondritis

Overview We advise kids not to specialize in just one sport. Multi-sport athletes tend not to get as many OCD injuries and other kinds of overuse injuries. As for practicing, we advise kids and

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta

"When a child has OI, it's important to use a multidisciplinary approach that involves a care team of the different specialists the child may need. This includes orthopedists, geneticists,

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Overuse Injuries

You can have peace of mind knowing that the team in Boston Children’s Orthopedic Center has treated thousands of children, adolescents, adults and professional athletes with injuries ranging from the

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Patellar instability

Overview The patella, or kneecap, is a small bone that fits into a groove on the end of the thighbone and sits over the knee, allowing it to function properly. When the groove is shallow or an

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Patellofemoral Pain

Pain around the front of the knee is often referred to as patellofemoral pain. This pain may be caused by: • soft cartilage under the kneecap (the patella) • referred pain from another area such as

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Scoliosis

If your child has been diagnosed with scoliosis may have questions about her treatment. The caregivers in the Boston Children’s Hospital Spinal Program have treated many children with scoliosis and

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Sever's Disease

Boston Children’s Hospital's Lower Extremity Program in the Orthopedic Center has experience caring for adolescents Sever’s disease, a common heel injury that can be easily treated without your child

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Shin Splints

If your teen or child has been diagnosed with shin splints, we at Children’s Hospital Boston know that he’s experiencing discomfort, as well as some disappointment that his sports training has been

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Shoulder Dislocation

The shoulder The shoulder is the most versatile joint in the body, moving in many different directions. A sudden force to the shoulder, as from a collision, for example, can cause the top of the upper

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Shoulder instability (dislocated shoulder)

As our understanding of instability of the shoulder joint has increased, so too has our expertise in treatment, including important advances in surgical techniques. – Donald S. Bae, MD, associate in

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Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)

We treat children from birth through childhood, adolescence and young adulthood. Our decades of experience following our patients into adulthood have taught us that kids' hip problems affect them as

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Septic (Infectious) Arthritis

Septic arthritis is an infection in the joint tissues and the joint's fluid (synovial fluid). The infection usually reaches the joints though the bloodstream, although some joints may become infected

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Spinal Fracture

A spinal cord fracture is a break to the cervical, thoracic and/or lumbar vertebrae. The spinal column is made up of many individual bony rings called vertebrae, joined together by muscles and

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Spine problems

If your baby or child has been diagnosed with a spinal problem — from a complex congenital (present at birth) condition to a less severe overuse injury — we know that you and your family are under

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Spondylolysis

At Boston Children's Hospital, we know that adolescents who have been diagnosed with an overuse injury such as spondylolysis often feel frustrated about the disruption in their normal athletic

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Sprains and Strains

Most sports injuries, such as sprains or strains, are caused by minor trauma. Sprains are ligament injuries resulting from wrenching or twisting a joint. Strains are injuries to a muscle or tendon,

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Stress Fractures

"We advise kids not to specialize in just one sport. Multi-sport athletes tend not to get as many stress fractures and other kinds of overuse injuries. And for practicing, we advise kids and coaches

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Tarsal Coalition

If your child has been diagnosed with tarsal coalition, you’ll have concerns and questions about her health, treatment, recovery and other issues. It may comfort you to know that Boston Children’s

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Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is an injury to the tendons attaching the forearm muscles to the outer part of the elbow. This injury comes from repetitive stress — in other words, a simple physical activity repeated

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Tibial Torsion

What is tibial torsion? When your child is first learning how to walk, tibial torsion can create an intoeing appearance. As the feet toe in, the legs look like they are bowed. The bowed leg stance

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Walking (Gait) Abnormalities

Watch a 1 year old wobble around, and you'll see her gait, or walking cycle, doesn't quite resemble that of an adult. She'll have a wider stance, rapid cadence and short steps. In fact, it takes until

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We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 617-355-6000 | 800-355-7944

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