Conditions and Treatments from the Epilepsy Center

Seizures

Seizures happen when brain cells fire or “talk” too much, temporarily disrupting the brain’s normal electrical signals. They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children, and they have a

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Epilepsy

Laser Therapy for Pediatric Epilepsy Boston Children’s Hospital is one of a handful of centers offering a new, minimally invasive laser therapy for childhood epilepsy to remove tumors or diseased

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Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) involves a brief but intense attack of inflammation (swelling) in the brain and spinal cord that damages the brain's myelin. Myelin is the protective

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Aneurysms

Angiogram showing a high-resolution view of an aneurysm. Sometimes the wall of an artery in the brain develops a weak spot, and the vessel bulges outward. This is known as a cerebral aneurysm.

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Arachnoid Cysts

Arachnoid cysts are fluid-filled collections between the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane, one of three membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The cysts contain normal spinal

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Brain arteriovenous malformations

The Cerebrovascular Surgery and Interventions Center treats arteriovenous malformations of the brain and other cerebrovascular conditions. Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are errors in blood vessel

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Cavernous malformations

The Cerebrovascular Surgery and Interventions Center treats cavernous malformations and other cerebrovascular conditions. A cavernous malformation (CM), also called a cavernoma, cavernous hemangiomas

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Crouzon Syndrome

What is Crouzon Syndrome? Crouzon syndrome, also known as craniofacial dysostosis, is a complex genetic birth disorder that may affect a child’s face, skull and teeth. In a child with this syndrome,

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Cytomegalovirus

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus related to the herpes virus group of infections. Like herpes, it is inactive at times, but it is an incurable, life-time infection. CMV is a major concern if a mother

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Encephalitis

"Children with encephalitis may benefit from the brain's plasticity during the childhood years. This means that often when one area of a child's brain is damaged, a different area of the brain can

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Ependymoma

Having a tumor in the brain or spinal cord is always a very serious matter. However, there are many distinct types of brain tumors that occur in children, and some types are highly curable.

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Fragile X Syndrome

If your child has been diagnosed with fragile X syndrome, you may be feeling overwhelmed. Remember that seeking out information is not only necessary but empowering—it allows you to partner with your

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Medulloblastoma

Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor located in the cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls balance, coordination, and other complex motor functions. Medulloblastoma accounts for 15 to 20 percent

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Microcephaly

Microcephaly: Alainah's story 16-month-old Alainah of Cape Cod has enrolled in a genetics study to find the cause of her small head size. In the meantime, early interventions are helping her achieve

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Stroke

Is my child having a stroke? If you see any of these symptoms in your child, don’t wait—go directly to an emergency room. weakness on one side of the body difficulty speaking difficulty walking or

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Sturge-Weber Syndrome

If your child has Sturge-Weber syndrome, it means that she was born with a vascular birthmark and neurological abnormalities. Seizures develop in 75 to 90 percent of all children with the syndrome.

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Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)

Our bodies are stocked with sophisticated controls that keep our cells working in harmony with one other, so that no cells grow to overstep their bounds. When one of these central systems isn’t

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Ventriculomegaly

At Boston Children’s Hospital, we’ve already helped many infants who have been diagnosed with fetal ventriculomegaly, a condition in which the fluid-filled spaces in the brain (ventricles) appear

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- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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