Epilepsy Center | Conditions and Treatments

Seizures

Seizures happen when brain cells fire or “talk” too much, temporarily disrupting the brain’s normal electrical signals. They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children, and they have a...

Learn more
Epilepsy

Laser Therapy for Pediatric Epilepsy Boston Children’s Hospital is one of a handful of centers offering a new, minimally invasive laser therapy for childhood epilepsy to remove tumors or diseased...

Learn more
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) involves a brief but intense attack of inflammation (swelling) in the brain and spinal cord that damages the brain's myelin. Myelin is the protective...

Learn more
Aneurysms

What is a brain aneurysm? A brain aneurysm is a weak spot in the wall of an artery in the brain that bulges outward. It is also called a cerebral aneurysm. Brain aneurysms are very rare in children...

Learn more
Arachnoid Cysts

What are arachnoid cysts? Arachnoid cysts are sacs filled with spinal fluid that can grow in between the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane that covers them. Most of these cysts are found...

Learn more
Brain arteriovenous malformations

What is a brain arteriovenous malformation? A brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a tangle of arteries and veins in the brain that disrupt the normal flow of blood. This is a condition that is...

Learn more
Crouzon Syndrome

What is Crouzon Syndrome? Crouzon syndrome, also known as craniofacial dysostosis, is a complex genetic birth disorder that may affect a child’s face, skull and teeth. In a child with this syndrome,...

Learn more
Cytomegalovirus

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus related to the herpes virus group of infections. Like herpes, it is inactive at times, but it is an incurable, life-time infection. CMV is a major concern if a mother...

Learn more
Encephalitis

There’s a lot of information on the Internet about encephalitis—much of it misleading. People often hear "encephalitis" and think virus—particularly West Nile virus. But encephalitis (inflammation of...

Learn more
Ependymoma

An ependymoma is a tumor that arises from cells that are found lining the ventricular system (areas of the brain or spinal cord where spinal fluid is found). Ependymomas can form in any of the...

Learn more
Fragile X Syndrome

What is fragile X syndrome? Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition that can cause a range of learning and developmental problems. These can include: intellectual disability hyperactivity or...

Learn more
Medulloblastoma

Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor located in the cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls balance, coordination, and other complex motor functions. Medulloblastoma accounts for 15 to 20 percent...

Learn more
Microcephaly

What is microcephaly? When a child has microcephaly, the brain develops abnormally, causing the head to be much smaller than expected for the child's age. ("Micro" means "small," while "cephaly" comes...

Learn more
Stroke

Is my child having a stroke? If you see any of these symptoms in your child, don’t wait—go directly to an emergency room. weakness on one side of the body difficulty speaking difficulty walking or...

Learn more
Sturge-Weber Syndrome

What is Sturge-Weber syndrome? Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurological condition that is present at birth and is not hereditary. Recently, researchers have found that the underlying cause...

Learn more
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)

What is tuberous sclerosis complex? Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare genetic condition that causes tumors to grow in many different organs of the body. Tumors grow most often in the brain,...

Learn more
Ventriculomegaly

At Boston Children’s Hospital, we’ve already helped many infants who have been diagnosed with fetal ventriculomegaly, a condition in which the fluid-filled spaces in the brain (ventricles) appear...

Learn more
Boston Children’s is so much more than a hospital—it’s a community of researchers, clinicians, administrators, support staff, innovators, teachers, patients and families, all working together to make the impossible possible. ”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital
300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115
For Patients: 617-355-6000
For Referring Providers: 844-BCH-PEDS | 844-224-7337

Close