Conditions and Treatments from the Endoscopy Program


Achalasia is a rare disorder of the esophagus that makes swallowing difficult. This occurs because the nerves of the esophagus do not work. Children suffering from achalasia cannot sufficiently push

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Cloacal Deformities

Cloacal deformities encompass a wide range of complicated defects in girls that occur during fetal development of the lower abdominal structures, particularly the intestinal and genito-urinary tracts,

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Cloacal Exstrophy

A child with cloacal exstrophy is typically born with many intra-abdominal structures exposed. Although it is a serious condition, and requires a series of operations, the long-term outcome is good

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Crohn’s Disease in Children

What is Crohn’s disease in children? Crohn’s disease (CD) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a condition in which one or more parts of your child’s intestinal tract become inflamed.

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Dysphagia is a term that means "difficulty swallowing." It is the inability of food or liquids to pass easily from the mouth, into the throat, and down into the esophagus to the stomach during the

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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a digestive disorder that returns acidic or non-acid stomach juices, food or fluids back up into the esophagus. It is also called acid reflux or heartburn. When the

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Helicobacter Pylori

Helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori, is a spiral-shaped bacterium found in the stomach. H. pylori secretes acid, damages stomach and duodenal tissue and causes inflammation and peptic ulcers.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children? It can be very scary if your child is having recurring bouts of abdominal pain, cramping, blood in the stools and diarrhea that don’t seem to go

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Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS)

The small intestine is an important part of the digestive tract – it’s where we absorb most of the sugars, proteins and fats from the food we eat. If a child doesn’t have enough small intestine, her

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Venous Malformation

Overview We know it can be hard to hear that your child has a venous malformation (VM). But at Boston Children’s Hospital, we view the diagnosis as a starting point: Now we’re able to begin the

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