Endoscopy Program | Conditions and Treatments


What is achalasia? Achalasia is a rare disorder of the esophagus that makes swallowing difficult. This occurs because the nerves of the esophagus do not work. Children suffering from achalasia cannot...

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Cloacal Deformities

What is a cloacal deformity? A cloacal deformity is a type of anorectal malformation that occurs during fetal development of the lower abdominal structures in girls. In a cloacal deformity, the rectum...

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Cloacal Exstrophy

What is cloacal exstrophy? In cloacal exstrophy, a portion of the large intestine lies outside of the body, and on either side of it — and connected to it — are the two halves of the bladder. In boys,...

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Crohn’s Disease in Children

What is Crohn’s disease? Crohn’s disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) where one or more parts of a child’s intestinal tract become inflamed. Crohn’s disease is a chronic but highly...

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Dysphagia is a term that means "difficulty swallowing." It is the inability of food or liquids to pass easily from the mouth, into the throat, and down into the esophagus to the stomach during the...

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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a digestive disorder that returns acidic or non-acid stomach juices, food or fluids back up into the esophagus. It is also called acid reflux or heartburn. When the...

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Helicobacter Pylori

Helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori, is a spiral-shaped bacterium found in the stomach. H. pylori secretes acid, damages stomach and duodenal tissue and causes inflammation and peptic ulcers....

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Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS)

What is short bowel syndrome? Short bowel syndrome (SBS), or simply “short gut,” is a rare condition caused by the loss of a functioning small intestine. The small intestine is an important part of...

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Venous Malformation

What is a venous malformation? A venous malformation (VM) is a bluish lesion caused by widened, abnormally shaped veins. While rare, VMs are the most common kind of vascular malformation treated at...

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