Conditions and Treatments from the Division of Pulmonary and Respiratory Diseases

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is an infection of the lower respiratory tract that usually affects infants. There is swelling in the bronchioles (smaller airways) of the lung, which causes an obstructed airflow.

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Croup

Croup is a disease caused by a virus that leads to swelling in the airways and problems breathing. Croup may be accompanied by stridor, a high-pitched sound usually heard when she child breathes in

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Pectus excavatum

Overview Jay M. Wilson, MD, senior associate in Boston Children's Hospital's Department of Surgery Here’s what you should know about pectus excavatum (also known as "funnel chest"): Pectus excavatum

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Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome (Hyaline Membrane Disease)

Overview Hyaline membrane disease (HMD), also called respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), is a condition that causes babies to need extra oxygen and help breathing. HMD is one of the most common

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Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

Whooping cough, or pertussis, mainly affects infants and young children. Caused by a bacterium, it is characterized by paroxysms (intense fits or spells) of coughing that end with the characteristic

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Airway Obstruction

Most incidences of accidental child strangulation, suffocation and choking occur in the home. As a parent, extra care should be taken to childproof your house for young children, keeping in mind that

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Asthma

Asthma’s impact More than 22 million people in the United States, including 6.5 million children, have asthma. Asthma is the most common chronic medical condition among children in the United States.

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Apnea of Prematurity

Overview Apnea refers to what happens when a child doesn’t breathe for more than 20 seconds. It is more common in premature babies than in full-term babies. The more premature the baby, the greater

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Chest Wall Deformities

Overview Chest wall deformities are fairly common structural deformities in the chest. There are two basic kinds: Funnel chest - a depression in the breastbone occurs in about one out of 500 children

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Cough

Coughs are one of the most frequent symptoms of childhood illness, and although they can sound awful at times, they usually are not a symptom of anything dangerous. Actually, coughing is a healthy

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Cystic Fibrosis

The outlook for a child with cystic fibrosis (CF) has never looked better. In the 1950s, few children with cystic fibrosis lived to attend elementary school. Today, advances in research and medical

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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a digestive disorder that returns acidic or non-acid stomach juices, food or fluids back up into the esophagus. It is also called acid reflux or heartburn. When the

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Lymphatic Malformation

A lymphatic malformation (LM) is a sponge-like collection of abnormal growths that contain clear fluid. probably caused by a developmental error in the womb no known food, medication, or activity

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

If your child snores or has trouble breathing at night, it may not just mean that she’s a noisy sleeper. It could be a sign that she has obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a common and treatable condition

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Interstitial lung disease

Boston Children’s Hospital is a world leader in pediatric respiratory diseases, including interstitial lung disease (ILD or chILD).We specialize in innovative, family-centered care that supports you

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Respiratory Distress

Learning the signs of respiratory distress If your child is having difficulty breathing, she may show signs of being in danger of respiratory distress. It is important to learn these signs to know how

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Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is abnormally high blood pressure that occurs in the arteries of the lungs (the pulmonary arteries). Some cases of PH have no identifiable cause (idiopathic pulmonary

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Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses or chemical irritants. It is a serious infection in which air sacs in the lungs fill with pus and other liquid. Pneumonia may be

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Chronic Lung Disease of Prematurity

Long-term respiratory problems faced by babies born prematurely are known, generally, as either chronic lung disease (CLD) or bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Some premature babies require the use of a

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Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Overview Long-term respiratory problems faced by babies born prematurely are known, generally, as either chronic lung disease (CLD) or bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Some premature babies require the use

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Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic bacterial infection that usually infects the lungs, although other parts of the body are sometimes involved. There are two stages of TB: infection and disease. One-third

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Stridor

Stridor is a high-pitched sound that is usually heard best when your child breathes in (known as “inspiration”). It’s usually caused by an obstruction or narrowing in your child's upper airway. The

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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Overview By working on SIDS research at Children's, I have the opportunity to make a direct contribution to human health care--the reason I wanted to be a research scientist in the first place. David

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Sleep Studies

Overview If your child is having certain types of sleep problems, the best way to understand his situation may be for sleep specialists to actually watch him sleeping and monitor his body while he’s

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Lung Transplantation

"Transplant tolerance means that your body accepts the lung with minimal to no immunosuppression. That's the holy grail of transplant research." --Gary Visner, MD, medical director, Pediatric Lung

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