Conditions and Treatments from the Division of Gynecology

Addison's Disease

Overview I have this great privilege of being able to restore many of my patients to normal functioning and see them feel better the day after they start medication. David Breault, MD, PhD, Boston

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Ambiguous Genitalia

When a baby is born, "girl or boy?" is the question on the tip of everyone's tongues. Discovering that your newborn has ambiguous genitalia can be emotionally traumatizing and confusing for you and

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Amenorrhea

Women of all ages may have mixed feelings about their menstrual cycles, but there’s no question that it can be alarming for both you and your daughter if her periods suddenly stop, or if all of her

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Breast Disorders

Overview The female breast changes with puberty and during the monthly menstrual cycle — some changes in the breast may require medical attention, such as breast pain and masses or lumps. Breast pain

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Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a genetic disorder in which the adrenal gland produces an overabundance of certain male hormones called androgens. As a result, a child with CAH is born with a

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Dysmenorrhea

Overview For girls of any age, the menstrual period is a time well known for cramping—dull, throbbing or squeezing pains in the lower abdomen. For one girl, these aches may be mildly annoying and no

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Endometriosis

A woman has endometriosis when the tissue that normally lines her uterus, the endometrium, grows in other places, such as the fallopian tubes, ovaries or pelvic tissue. This misplaced tissue can cause

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Excessive Hair Growth (Hirsutism)

Overview Many women have a frustrating condition called hirsutism, or excessive hair growth on parts of the body where men usually grow hair. About 8 percent of women in the United States have some

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Group B Streptococcus (GBS)

Overview Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a bacterium that can be found in the digestive tract, urinary tract and genital area of adults. Although GBS usually doesn't cause problems in healthy women

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Hematuria

Hematuria is blood found in your child's urine. Although this condition is alarming, it is quite common in children, often harmless and often easily treated once its cause is determined. There are

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Imperforate Hymen

Overview A half moon of thin membrane normally surrounds the opening of a young girl's vagina. In the case of an imperforate hymen, a membrane extends all the way across the area of the hymen,

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Mastitis

Mastitis is an infection or inflammation of the breast. Breast infections commonly occur in women who are breast-feeding when bacteria enters a crack in the nipple. A case of mastitis can leave you

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Menstrual Irregularities

Overview One of the most common complaints of adolescent girls is irregular, profuse menstruation, called dysfunction uterine bleeding (DUB). The most common cause for DUB is when a woman's ovaries

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Menstrual Reproductive Disorder

Overview Menstrual problems are common among teens. Each girl’s body is different, and each girl experiences puberty differently. Here at Children’s Hospital Boston, we recognize that problems with

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Microperforate Hymen

Overview A half moon of thin membrane normally surrounds a young girl's vagina. Sometimes, the hymenal membrane extends all the way across the hymenal area with only a very small hole in the center.

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Ovarian Mass / Ovarian Tumor in Adolescents

Ovarian masses in infants, young girls and adolescents are enlargements of the ovaries – the organs that store and release eggs, and that produce female hormones. These masses may be cysts or tumors,

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Pelvic Pain

Overview Adolescent girls and women frequently experience pain in the region below the belly button and between the hips, commonly called pelvic pain. Depending on the cause of the discomfort, pelvic

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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Overview As many as 75 percent of girls and women experience unpleasant symptoms or painful pelvic cramps before or during their monthly menstrual cycle, called premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Some girls

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Premature Adrenarche

Overview Adrenarche is a lot like puberty; it’s characterized by changes in the body as your child enters her teen years. Premature adrenarche is when these changes begin early, before age 8 for girls

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Septate Hymen

Overview A half moon of thin membrane normally surrounds a young girl's vagina. Sometimes, the membrane has a band of extra tissue — called a septate hymen — in the middle, which creates two openings

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Septate Uterus

Overview A woman with a septate uterus has a normal shaped uterus with a wall of tissue creating two cavities. Some women may not even realize they have a septate uterus, even during pregnancy and

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases spread through sexual contact. These infections are very common, especially among young people. The United States has some of the highest rates of

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Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but life-threatening complication of bacterial infection. TSS can affect anyone, male or female. However, it occurs most frequently in young women who wear tampons

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Thrush Candidiasis and Yeast Infections

Candidiasis, sometimes called moniliasis or a "yeast infection," is an infection caused by yeast on the skin and/or mucous membranes. Although yeast is normally a harmless inhabitant of the digestive

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Transverse Vaginal Septum

Overview A transverse vaginal septum is a horizontal "wall" of tissue that has formed during embryologic development and essentially creates a blockage of the vagina. It can occur at many different

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Unicornuate Uterus

Overview To understand unicornuate uterus, a congenital abnormality of the uterus, it's helpful to understand how the uterus is formed. During typical fetal development, two tubelike structures,

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Vaginal Agenesis

Overview During pregnancy, a baby's reproductive system may not finish developing in the mother's uterus. She may be born without a vagina and have other absent reproductive organs. This condition is

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Vertical/Complete Vaginal Septum

Overview If your daughter has a vertical or complete vaginal septum, she has a wall of tissue running down the length of the vaginal canal, partitioning the space into two vaginas. Your daughter may

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Vulvitis

Overview Vulvitis is an itchy inflammation of the vulva, the soft folds of skin outside the vagina. It's not so much a condition as it is a symptom of certain diseases, infections, injuries, allergies

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