Conditions and Treatments from the Division of Adolescent Medicine

At-risk youth

Overview Many adolescents are healthy, but some may be at an increased risk for becoming pregnant, acquiring a sexually transmitted disease (STD), abusing substances or developing an eating disorder.

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Bruises

Overview A bruise is a collection of blood underneath the skin that is caused by trauma to an area of the body. Sometimes, enough bleeding occurs that a lump, called a hematoma, also forms. A bruise

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Cancer

We lace 'em up every morning knowing that in some significant way we will have made a stride toward the common mission: decreasing the burden of cancer. STEPHEN SALLAN, MD While childhood cancer is a

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Cellulitis

Overview Cellulitis is a deep bacterial infection of the skin that usually occurs after some type of trauma causes an opening in your child's skin. The infection typically involves your child's face

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Galactorrhea

Overview Galactorrhea literally means "flow of milk." It refers to a milky discharge from the nipple of the breast in someone who is not nursing a baby. Galactorrhea may occur in men and women.

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Gynecomastia

Overview Gynecomastia is a condition in which above-average amounts of breast tissue form in males. This tissue is usually less than two inches wide. Typically located directly under one or both

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Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is the condition in which the thyroid is underactive and produces an insufficient amount of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder. Children with the

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Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is the term for a bone infection. Bacteria or viruses in your child's bloodstream or tissue may infect a bone, causing osteomyelitis. Infection is more common in the long bones of the

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Breast Disorders

Overview The female breast changes with puberty and during the monthly menstrual cycle — some changes in the breast may require medical attention, such as breast pain and masses or lumps. Breast pain

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Acne

Overview Acne is a chronic disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands located in the middle layer of the skin. In acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts.

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Amenorrhea

Women of all ages may have mixed feelings about their menstrual cycles, but there’s no question that it can be alarming for both you and your daughter if her periods suddenly stop, or if all of her

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Androgen Insensitivity

Androgen insensitivity is a rare genetic condition that blocks the body from using male hormones (androgens) during fetal growth and after birth. Because the fetal tissue is insensitive to male

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Benign Skin Growths

Overview Benign skin growths are non-cancerous bumps, spots and lumps on the skin. While many benign skin growths can be ignored, some need to be monitored and others treated for medical or cosmetic

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Binge Eating Disorder

Binge-eating disorder is a newly recognized condition believed to affect millions of Americans. Most people with binge-eating disorder have frequent episodes of eating what others would consider an

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Blisters

Overview A blister is a raised area containing blood or clear fluid that forms in a pocket under the top layer of skin. Blisters commonly result from friction, such as when a child's shoe rubs against

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Celiac Disease

The experts in our Celiac Disease Program are some of the best in the country when it comes to diagnosing and helping families manage celiac disease with a gluten-free lifestyle. We also have a

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Cystic Fibrosis

The outlook for a child with cystic fibrosis (CF) has never looked better. In the 1950s, few children with cystic fibrosis lived to attend elementary school. Today, advances in research and medical

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Crohn’s Disease in Children

What is Crohn’s disease in children? Crohn’s disease (CD) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a condition in which one or more parts of your child’s intestinal tract become inflamed.

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Delayed Puberty / Delayed Sexual Development

It can be upsetting for a child to not be growing and developing physically as quickly as his or her peers. It’s usually nothing to be worried about, but having your child evaluated by a doctor can

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Dysmenorrhea

Overview For girls of any age, the menstrual period is a time well known for cramping—dull, throbbing or squeezing pains in the lower abdomen. For one girl, these aches may be mildly annoying and no

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Eating Disorder

From TV shows like “The Biggest Loser” to celebrity diets and infomercials touting “two-minute abs,” America is obsessed with how we look. So it’s sad but not surprising that a negative body image is

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Endometriosis

A woman has endometriosis when the tissue that normally lines her uterus, the endometrium, grows in other places, such as the fallopian tubes, ovaries or pelvic tissue. This misplaced tissue can cause

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Excessive Hair Growth (Hirsutism)

Overview Many women have a frustrating condition called hirsutism, or excessive hair growth on parts of the body where men usually grow hair. About 8 percent of women in the United States have some

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Fractures

Fractures happen when there’s more force applied to the bone than the bone can withstand. If your child has a fracture, it means that his bone has partially or completely broken. A fracture in a child

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Growth Hormone Deficiency

One of the things I tell my patients is that your short stature isn't a disease. It can be a sign of a disease but, in itself, it's not a disease. Laurie Cohen, MD, director, Neuroendocrinology

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Growth Problems

Overview "Growth problems" is a broad phrase used to describe various causes and effects of conditions relating to your child’s insufficient growth. About 3 to 5 percent of children are considered to

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Lactose Intolerance

Lactose is a sugar found in milk products; lactose intolerance occurs when the body is unable to digest milk products due to the lack of a digestive enzyme called lactase

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Menstrual Irregularities

Overview One of the most common complaints of adolescent girls is irregular, profuse menstruation, called dysfunction uterine bleeding (DUB). The most common cause for DUB is when a woman's ovaries

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Muscular Dystrophy (MD)

Transitioning from pediatric to adult care More than 9 million children in the United States are living with a chronic illness. Every year, 500,000 of these children turn 18. As they join their fellow

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children? It can be very scary if your child is having recurring bouts of abdominal pain, cramping, blood in the stools and diarrhea that don’t seem to go

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Premature Adrenarche

Overview Adrenarche is a lot like puberty; it’s characterized by changes in the body as your child enters her teen years. Premature adrenarche is when these changes begin early, before age 8 for girls

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Juvenile osteoporosis prevention and healthy bones

Our diagnostics center At Children’s, we evaluate bone density through our DXA Center (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry), which is the gold standard test in the industry

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Mastalgia

Overview Mastalgia is breast pain. It’s generally classified as either cyclical (associated with menstrual periods) or noncyclical. Noncyclical pain may come from the breast or may come from somewhere

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta

"When a child has OI, it's important to use a multidisciplinary approach that involves a care team of the different specialists the child may need. This includes orthopedists, geneticists,

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Vaginal Agenesis

Overview During pregnancy, a baby's reproductive system may not finish developing in the mother's uterus. She may be born without a vagina and have other absent reproductive organs. This condition is

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Vaginitis

Overview Vaginitis refers to any inflammation or infection of the vagina. It is a common gynecological problem found in females of all ages. Most females will have at least one form at some point in

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Ulcerative Colitis

What is ulcerative colitis in children? Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a condition in which one or more parts of the intestinal tract become inflamed. (Crohn’s

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Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but life-threatening complication of bacterial infection. TSS can affect anyone, male or female. However, it occurs most frequently in young women who wear tampons

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Thrombosis (Blood Clots)

When they help prevent bleeding, blood clots are a normal and healthy function of the human body. However, a thrombosis (or thrombus) is an excessive or dangerous blood clot that develops somewhere it

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Tinea Versicolor

Overview Tinea versicolor is a common fungal skin infection characterized by lighter or darker patches on the skin. Patches are most often found on the chest or back and prevent the skin from tanning

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Thalassemia

There are many types of thalassemia. The thalassemias are a group of inherited blood disorders in which the genes that produce hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the

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Sickle Cell Disease

Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder in which red blood cells can become stiff, sticky and often shaped like the letter C. Normal red blood cells are smooth and flexible, like the letter

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Spinal Cord Injury

The spinal cord serves not just one critical function, but several. A compact but extremely powerful package of nerves, it works with the brain to transmit important messages that are responsible for

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases spread through sexual contact. These infections are very common, especially among young people. The United States has some of the highest rates of

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Ringworm

Overview Ringworm is a skin condition characterized by a ring-shaped red, scaly rash or patches with clearing centers. "Ringworm" is a misleading term that refers to the circular appearance of the

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Headaches

Overview "I can't tell you how thrilled I am. It's like I have a new daughter, seeing her go from where she was last year to where she is now. Nothing has given me greater happiness." - Mom of an 11

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- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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