Division of Nephrology | Conditions and Treatments

Acute Kidney Injury

There are several things that might make your child’s kidneys suddenly stop working, including infections, disruption of blood flow, surgery or exposure to medications or other substances that are...

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Addison's Disease

What is Addison's disease? Addison’s disease is a rare disease in which the adrenal glands aren’t functioning properly, causing a hormonal disorder. Addison’s disease affects the body’s ability to...

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Chronic kidney (renal) disease

In the past, the phrase “kidney failure” has been used to mean end-stage renal disease (ESRD) - when dialysis or a kidney transplant is necessary because the kidneys have lost around 85 percent of...

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DMSA Renal Kidney Scan

A DMSA renal scan is a nuclear medicine test that shows pictures of the kidneys and how they are working. How Boston Children's Hospital approaches DMSA renal scans The Nuclear Medicine and Molecular...

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Overview Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease that involves the glomeruli — very small structures in the kidneys that supply blood to units in the kidneys that filter urine — called the...

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Glomerular Filtration Rate Test (GFR)

A glomerular filtration rate test (GFR) is a nuclear medicine test that measures the function of the kidneys. How Boston Children's Hospital approaches GFRs The Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging...

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Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP)

Overview Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a form of vasculitis, a condition that involves inflammation of the blood vessels. It’s one of the most common forms of vasculitis in childhood. HSP is seen...

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Most people think of hypertension (high blood pressure) as something that affects adults, children can also be affected. In fact, it’s estimated that up to 5 percent of children and adolescents now...

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What is hydronephrosis? Hydronephrosis is a condition, affecting about 1 in 100 babies, where urine overfills or backs up into the kidney, causing the kidney to swell. Infants with hydronephrosis may...

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Intravenous Pyelogram

An intravenous pyelogram, or IVP, is a minimally invasive procedure that uses x-ray to visualize the kidneys, ureters and bladder. An IVP technologist performs the exam and the pediatric radiologist...

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Kidney Dialysis

One of the roles of your child’s kidneys is to act as a filter for her blood, making sure that it has the right balance of water and minerals. If your child’s kidneys are unable to filter her blood...

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Kidney Stones

What is a kidney stone? While kidney stones are still relatively uncommon in children, the number of cases is growing. Kidney stones are small, hard deposits of mineral and acid salts formed within...

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Kidney Failure

Kidney failure refers to temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys that results in loss of normal kidney function. There are two different types of kidney failure - acute kidney injury and chronic...

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Voiding Cystourethrogram (VCUG)

A VCUG, or a voiding cystourethrogram, is a minimally invasive test that uses a special x-ray technology called fluoroscopy to visualize your child's urinary tract and bladder. A VCUG can help:...

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Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney

Overview Multicystic dysplastic kidney is a condition in which the kidney has been essentially replaced by multiple cysts. It is the result of abnormal fetal development of the kidney. There is little...

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Nephrotic Syndrome (Kidney Disease)

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the name given to a collection of kidney-related findings in your child’s body. These include: proteinuria—high levels of protein in the urine (based on your child’s age and...

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Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys. These cysts can reduce the kidney's ability to function, leading...

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Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)? A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection in the urinary tract that can cause discomfort and complications in your child if left untreated....

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Overview Day in and day out, tens of thousands of miles of blood vessels carry oxygen and nutrients to every part of your child’s body. When blood vessels become inflamed -- a condition called...

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Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR)

What is vesicoureteral reflux? Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the result of abnormal formation of the normal valve between the kidney and bladder. This valve ensures that urine travels one way from...

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Wilms' Tumor

Wilms tumor (also called nephroblastoma) is a cancerous tumor in the cells of the kidney. Fortunately, with the right treatment, Wilms tumor is highly treatable. Wilms tumor can occur at any age...

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