Department of Urology Conditions We Treat

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The following list includes some of the many common and complex conditions we see in the Department of Urology:

  • bladder exstrophy and epispadias: a rare, complex birth defect involving the urinary, reproductive and intestinal tracts, as well as the musculoskeletal system.
  • circumcision: a surgical procedure to remove the skin covering the end of the penis, called the foreskin.
  • enuresis (urinary incontinence, bedwetting): medical term for involuntary urination or “wetting”.
  • hernia (umbilical or inguinal): A hernia occurs when a section of intestine protrudes through a weakness in the abdominal muscles.
  • hydrocele: painless scrotal swelling due to fluid around the testicle. This condition only affects boys.
  • hydronephrosis: a condition where urine overfills, or backs up, into the kidney, which causes the kidney to swell. Infants with hydronephrosis may be diagnosed before or after birth.
  • hypospadias: The opening of the urethra (where urine exits the body) is not in the correct location.
  • kidney stones: small, hard deposits of mineral and acid salts formed within the urinary tract. There are many different kinds of stones. They can obstruct the drainage of urine and frequently cause intense pain.
  • urinary tract infection (UTI): a bacterial infection in the urinary tract.
  • vesicoureteral reflux (VUR): In normal kidney-bladder function, urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder. In children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), however, the urine also flows backwards, from the bladder up toward the kidneys.
The future of pediatrics will be forged by thinking differently, breaking paradigms and joining together in a shared vision of tackling the toughest challenges before us.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 617-355-6000 | 800-355-7944

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