Department of Ophthalmology | Conditions and Treatments

Astigmatism Hyperopia and Myopia

Refractive errors of the eye are seen in 20 percent of children and have been found to run in families. The most common refractive errors are astigmatism, hyperopia (farsightedness) and myopia

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Blood in the Eye (Hyphema)

Overview Hyphema refers to blood collecting in the anterior chamber of the eye, the front section of the eye's interior where fluid flows in and out and provides nourishment to the eye and surrounding

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Blepharitis

Overview Blepharitis is a persistent, recurring problem for a child that’s characterized by swelling of his eyelid. There is often a secondary infection of his eye and a loss of eyelashes. Blepharitis

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Blocked Tear Duct (Dacryostenosis)

Overview Tears are produced in the lacrimal gland, located under the bone of the eyebrow, and flow over the eye through tiny ducts along the eyelid. After draining away from the eye through two small

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Cataracts

Most people think of cataracts as something that happens to our eyes as we age, and age-related cataracts are, in fact, the most common type. But cataracts can also affect newborns and children – and

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Cerebral Palsy (CP)

What is Cerebral Palsy? Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common physical disability of childhood. The term CP itself is an umbrella term for a group of disorders that affect body movement and posture

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Chalazion

Overview A chalazion is a persistent inflammation or swelling of the upper or lower eyelid that can also include the middle part of the eyelid. Swelling may also occur in other parts of the eye due to

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Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. The conjunctiva consists of the membrane that lines the inside of the eye as well as a thin membrane that

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Congenital Rubella

You’re likely to be confused and overwhelmed—not to mention scared—if your infant has been diagnosed with congenital rubella syndrome. But you can play an active role in helping him get better.

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Congenital Toxoplasmosis

Overview You’re likely to be confused and overwhelmed—not to mention scared—if your infant has been diagnosed with congenital toxoplasmosis. But you can play an active role in helping him get better.

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Corneal Abrasions

Overview A corneal abrasion is a scratch or injury to the cornea, which is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. Corneal abrasions are very common in children. The condition

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Cortical Visual Impairment

Overview Cortical Visual Impairment (CVI) is diagnosed when children show abnormal visual responses that aren’t caused by the eyes themselves. When CVI is suspected, fixation and following—even to

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition in which the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises. This occurs as a result of the fluid aqueous humor — which normally flows in and out of the eye — not being

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Eye Injuries

Often caused by sports or other physical activity, eye injuries can be serious and are usually quite painful. They are also a common cause of vision loss in children. Eye injuries can range from

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Eye Socket Fracture

Overview The orbit is the bony structure around the eye. An eye socket fracture, or orbital fracture, occurs when one or more bones surrounding the eye are broken. An orbital fracture usually occurs

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Haemophilus Influenzae Infections

Overview Haemophilus influenzae, or H. influenzae, is a group of bacteria that cause different types of infections in infants and children. H. influenzae most commonly causes ear, eye or sinus

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Hemangioma

Overview When you saw that your baby had a birthmark, you may have been concerned. But rest assured that birthmarks are very common in infants—and most of them are pretty harmless. Your doctor

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Iritis (Uveitis)

Overview Iritis is a form of uveitis and refers to the inflammation of the iris of the eye. It’s the most common form of uveitis in children. Uveitis is a serious inflammatory eye disease in which the

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Kabuki Syndrome

Kabuki syndrome is a rare congenital disorder, meaning that children are born with the condition. Children with Kabuki syndrome usually have distinctive facial features and mild to moderate mental

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Leber's Optic Atrophy

Overview Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy, or LHON, causes a painless loss of central vision in people with the condition when they’re between 12 and 30 years old. It’s associated with a mutation

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Marfan Syndrome

"My message to the public is if you notice common findings of Marfan in yourself or your child, these need to be evaluated right away--especially with an eye or cardiology exam." --Ronald Lacro, MD,

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Neurofibromatosis

Whether there’s a family history of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) or the diagnosis comes straight out of the blue, no parents are ever ready to learn that their child has a chronic and unpredictable

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Optic Neuritis (ON)

Optic neuritis (ON) involves an attack of inflammation (swelling) in your optic nerve, which sends information from your eye to your brain about what you are seeing. In ON, there is damage to myelin,

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Orbital Cellulitis

The terms orbital cellulitis and periorbital cellulitis refer to an inflammation and infection of the tissue and skin surrounding the eye. Periorbital cellulitis involves the area from the skin of the

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Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is a rare childhood cancer of the eye. It arises from the retina, the nerve tissue in the back of the eye that is sensitive to light. Thanks to advances in diagnosis and treatment, more

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Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

"Although we can't prevent retinopathy of prematurity, we can often prevent its serious consequences through careful screening and treatment." --Suzanne Johnston, MD, Children?s pediatric

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Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome

Overview Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by the premature fusion of certain skull bones, which prevents the skull from growing normally and affects the shape of the head

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Stye (Hordeolum)

Overview A hordeolum, more commonly known as a stye, is an inflammation of part of the eyelash. Styes are seen more often in children than adults. A stye is caused by an infection in the oil-producing

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Strabismus and Amblyopia

Overview Here are some of the basics about strabismus: Strabismus is one of the most common eye conditions in children, affecting between 2 and 4 percent of the population. Strabismus occurs when the

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Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)

Our bodies are stocked with sophisticated controls that keep our cells working in harmony with one other, so that no cells grow to overstep their bounds. When one of these central systems isn’t

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Toxoplasmosis

Overview Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a parasite, and it's usually acquired by the parasite getting into the body by the mouth (for instance, by eating undercooked meat). If the parasite

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