Department of Cardiac Surgery | Conditions and Treatments

Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR or PAPVR)

"The care of critically ill infants with obstructed anomalous pulmonary venous return requires a multidisciplinary team of cardiac ICU doctors and nurses, non-invasive cardiologists and surgeons to...

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Aortic valve stenosis

"We can really make a difference for children with aortic valve stenosis. For many kids, undergoing (catheterization) means they're very likely to get through childhood without ever needing surgery on...

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Arrhythmia

What is an arrhythmia? An arrhythmia is an abnormal rhythm of the heart, which can cause the heart to pump less effectively. It most frequently occurs in adults and often people who don’t have...

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Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart defect (meaning that a baby is born with it) in which the wall that separates the baby’s upper heart chambers, or the atria, doesn’t close...

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Atrioventricular Canal Defect

What is atrioventricular canal defect? An atrioventricular (AV) canal defect is a combination of several closely-associated heart problems that result in a large defect in the center of the heart....

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Bacterial Endocarditis

Bacterial endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart. Bacteria (germs) enter the bloodstream and lodge inside the heart, where they multiply and cause infection. Bacterial endocarditis...

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Cardiac Tumor

Overview A cardiac tumor is a growth that develops in the heart. The majority of cardiac tumors are benign, meaning they are non-cancerous and are not likely to spread. See why we're #1 Boston...

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Cardiomyopathy

What is cardiomyopathy? Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle characterized by an abnormally large, thickened or stiffened heart muscle. It may affect only the heart’s lower chambers ...

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Coarctation of the Aorta

Boston Children's Hospital is here with expert help if your infant or child has been diagnosed with coarctation of the aorta (COA). While this condition is very serious, Boston Children’s has vast...

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Heart Failure

"We make a commitment to our patients that we will leave no stone unturned to take care of a child with a heart condition. We will think outside the box, and we will look into any possible option that...

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Congenital Heart Defects

A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a heart problem that’s present at birth. It’s caused by improper development of the heart during fetal development. 1 percent of babies are born with a CHD. Nine out...

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Coronary Artery Fistula

A coronary artery fistula is an abnormal connection between one of the coronary arteries and a heart chamber or another blood vessel. Coronary artery fistula is a rare condition. Infants who are born...

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Double Outlet Right Ventricle (DORV)

If your infant or child has been diagnosed with double outlet right ventricle (DORV), an understanding of the condition will help you to cope with this very rare congenital (present at birth) heart...

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Ebstein's anomaly

"Parents have peace of mind knowing that Boston Children's uses the most innovative technologies and therapies for their child." --David Harrild, MD, PhD, assistant in Cardiology If your infant or...

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Fragile X Syndrome

What is fragile X syndrome? Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition that can cause a range of learning and developmental problems. These can include: intellectual disability hyperactivity or...

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Heart Murmur

A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound heard during a heartbeat. Murmurs range from quite faint to very loud. There are two types of heart murmurs: innocent (harmless) and abnormal. People who...

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Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)

What is hypoplastic left heart syndrome? Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is one of several congenital (present at birth) heart defects in which the heart has only one fully functioning...

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Pericarditis

Pericarditis is a condition in which the sac-like covering around the heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed. often causes chest pain usually sudden and short-lived (acute) chest pain occurs when the...

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Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital heart condition in which the ductus, a small opening or pathway between the pulmonary and aortic valves, remains open or patent. In most cases, the ductus...

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Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with pulmonary atresia

What is tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia? Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with pulmonary atresia is a more severe form of TOF, a type of heart defect. It’s a congenital condition, which means it’s...

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Perichondritis

Overview Perichondritis is an infection of the skin and tissue surrounding the cartilage of the outer ear. Perichondritis is usually caused by injury to the ear as a result of: ear piercing sports...

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Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is abnormally high blood pressure that occurs in the arteries of the lungs (the pulmonary arteries). Some cases of PH have no identifiable cause (idiopathic pulmonary...

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Septal Defects

What is a septal defect? A septal defect is a hole in the septum, which is the muscle wall that separates the heart's left and right chambers. A septal defect is sometimes called "a hole in the heart....

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Single Ventricle Defects

What is a single ventricle defect? A single ventricle defect is a type of heart defect that a child is born with. It occurs when one of the two pumping chambers in the heart, called ventricles, isn’t...

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Syncope

Syncope is the medical term for fainting. It’s a temporary loss of consciousness and muscle tone that occurs when not enough blood goes to the brain. Fainting affects people of all ages. More than 100...

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Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF, Tet)

What is tetralogy of Fallot? Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) is a serious, congenital heart defect, affecting about two in 10,000 babies. In a normal heart, oxygen-poor (blue) blood returns to the right...

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Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with Pulmonary Atresia

If your infant or child has been diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia (also known as ToF/PA or tet-atresia), an understanding of the condition will help you to cope with this rare...

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Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)

What is transposition of the great arteries (TGA)? In transposition of the great arteries (TGA), the “great” arteries, the aorta and the right ventricle, are reversed in their origins from the heart....

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Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR)

Total or partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR or PAPVR) is a rare heart defect in which a child’s pulmonary veins don’t connect normally to the left atrium. Instead they’re re-directed to...

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Tricuspid Atresia

If your infant or child has been diagnosed with tricuspid atresia (TA), an understanding of the condition will help you to cope with this very rare congenital (present at birth) heart defect. In...

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Truncus Arteriosis

"We have an unusually large, interdisciplinary cardiovascular team, including cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, anesthesiologists, intensive care specialists, nurses, respiratory therapists, social...

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Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

What is a ventricular septal defect? A ventricular septal defect is a congenital defect in which there is a hole in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart, known as the right and left...

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- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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