Complex Care Service Program | Conditions and Treatments

Birth Defects and Congenital Anomalies

What are birth defects and congenital anomalies? About 3 to 4 percent of babies are born with some type of birth defect. A birth defect is a health problem or a physical abnormality. It can be very...

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Chiari Malformation

What is Chiari malformation? Chiari malformation is an abnormality in the back of the head where the brain and spinal cord meet. It causes some of the brain tissue at the base of the skull to be...

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Cerebral Palsy (CP)

What is Cerebral Palsy? Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common physical disability of childhood. The term CP itself is an umbrella term for a group of disorders that affect body movement and posture...

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Cleft lip and cleft palate

"Here at Boston Children's Hospital, our training, experience and commitment to innovative care with compassion have made us a national leader in the care of children and adolescents with cleft lip...

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Craniofacial Anomalies

What is a craniofacial anomaly? Craniofacial anomalies are deformities that affect a child’s head and facial bones. These disorders are typically present at birth (congenital) and can range from mild...

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Down Syndrome

Medical treatments and developmental and educational therapies can help children with Down syndrome reach their fullest potential. When you have a child with Down syndrome, we understand that you may...

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Ehlers Danlos Syndrome

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a group of rare genetic disorders that affect a person's connective tissue. Connective tissue consists of proteins, such as collagen, that provide elasticity and...

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Epilepsy

Laser Therapy for Pediatric Epilepsy Boston Children’s Hospital is one of a handful of centers offering a new, minimally invasive laser therapy for childhood epilepsy to remove tumors or diseased...

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Fragile X Syndrome

What is fragile X syndrome? Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition that can cause a range of learning and developmental problems. These can include: intellectual disability hyperactivity or...

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Genetic Disorders

Overview Genetic disorders include congenital malformations, chromosomal disorders and metabolic diseases, also known as inborn errors of metabolism. Some of the symptoms can be the same as those for...

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Galactosemia

At Boston Children’s Hospital, we have already helped many infants and families who have been affected by galactosemia, a rare genetic metabolic disorder in which babies are born without the ability...

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Head or Brain Injury

What is a head injury? “Head injury” is a broad term that describes many different types of conditions—ranging from bumps and bruises to concussions, skull fractures and serious brain injuries. While...

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Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is the full or partial inability to detect frequencies of sound. Boston Children's Hospital offers a Habilitative Audiology Program, a Deaf and Hard of Hearing Program , a Diagnostic...

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Hearing Loss in Babies

Overview If your baby suffers from hearing loss, don't feel alone. The National Institutes of Health estimate that 12,000 babies are born each year in the United States with a hearing impairment. It...

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Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

What is Landau-Kleffner syndrome? Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) is a rare neurological disorder that causes a loss of language skills (aphasia). It can happen either suddenly or gradually. LKS...

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Muscle Weakness (Hypotonia)

Hypotonia means decreased muscle tone. It can be a condition on its own, called benign congenital hypotonia, or it can be indicative of another problem where there is progressive loss of muscle tone,...

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Microcephaly

What is microcephaly? When a child has microcephaly, the brain develops abnormally, causing the head to be much smaller than expected for the child's age. ("Micro" means "small," while "cephaly" comes...

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Neuromuscular Scoliosis

What is neuromuscular scoliosis? Neuromuscular scoliosis is one of three main types of scoliosis that causes an irregular curvature of the spine. It is the second most common form of scoliosis and is...

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Nervous System Disorders

Overview The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two major divisions: Central nervous system - consisting of the brain...

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta

"When a child has OI, it's important to use a multidisciplinary approach that involves a care team of the different specialists the child may need. This includes orthopedists, geneticists,...

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Prematurity

Overview A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is considered premature. Slightly fewer than 12 percent of all babies are premature. Overall, the rate of premature births is rising, mainly due to...

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Rett Syndrome

What is Rett syndrome? Rett syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes a loss of spoken language and motor skills, as well as behavioral and neurological problems. Children with Rett syndrome may also...

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Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome

Overview Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by the premature fusion of certain skull bones, which prevents the skull from growing normally and affects the shape of the head...

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Spina Bifida

What is spina bifida? Spina bifida — a term that means “split spine” — is a condition that occurs when the brain, spinal cord or the membranes that cover them (meninges) do not completely develop. It...

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Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS)

What is short bowel syndrome? Short bowel syndrome (SBS), or simply “short gut,” is a rare condition caused by the loss of a functioning small intestine. The small intestine is an important part of...

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Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

What is spinal muscular atrophy? Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare genetic condition in which muscles throughout the body are weakened because cells in the spinal cord and brainstem do not work...

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Spinal Cord Injury

The spinal cord serves not just one critical function, but several. A compact but extremely powerful package of nerves, it works with the brain to transmit important messages that are responsible for...

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Seizures

Seizures happen when brain cells fire or “talk” too much, temporarily disrupting the brain’s normal electrical signals. They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children, and they have a...

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Sturge-Weber Syndrome

What is Sturge-Weber syndrome? Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurological condition that is present at birth and is not hereditary. Recently, researchers have found that the underlying cause...

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Trisomies and Monosomies

Overview A trisomy and a monosomy are types of numerical chromosome abnormalities that can cause certain birth defects. Normally, people are born with 23 chromosome pairs, or 46 chromosomes, in each...

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Trisomy 18 and 13

Overview The term trisomy describes the presence of three chromosomes instead of the usual pair of chromosomes. For example, trisomy 21, or Down syndrome, occurs when a baby has three #21 chromosomes....

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Vision Problems

Overview There are two types of eye disorders that can affect your child’s vision: refractive errors and non-refractive errors. Refractive errors, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, crossed eyes...

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Boston Children’s is so much more than a hospital—it’s a community of researchers, clinicians, administrators, support staff, innovators, teachers, patients and families, all working together to make the impossible possible. ”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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