Conditions and Treatments from the Complex Care Service

Birth Defects and Congenital Anomalies

A birth defect is a health problem or a physical abnormality that a baby has at birth. It can be very mild or severe. Some birth defects are life-threatening, in which case a baby may only live for a

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Chiari Malformation

What is Chiari malformation? Chiari malformation is an abnormality in the back of the head where the brain and spinal cord meet. It causes some of the brain tissue at the base of the skull to be

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Cerebral Palsy (CP)

What is Cerebral Palsy? Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common physical disability of childhood. The term CP itself is an umbrella term for a group of disorders that affect body movement and posture

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Cleft lip and cleft palate

"Here at Boston Children's Hospital, our training, experience and commitment to innovative care with compassion have made us a national leader in the care of children and adolescents with cleft lip

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Craniofacial Anomalies

Overview Craniofacial anomalies (CFA) are a diverse group of deformities in the growth of the head and facial bones. These abnormalities are congenital (present at birth). Some are mild and some are

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Down Syndrome

Medical treatments and developmental and educational therapies can help children with Down syndrome reach their fullest potential. When you have a child with Down syndrome, we understand that you may

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Ehlers Danlos Syndrome

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a group of rare genetic disorders that affect a person's connective tissue. Connective tissue consists of proteins, such as collagen, that provide elasticity and

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Epilepsy

Laser Therapy for Pediatric Epilepsy Boston Children’s Hospital is one of a handful of centers offering a new, minimally invasive laser therapy for childhood epilepsy to remove tumors or diseased

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Fragile X Syndrome

If your child has been diagnosed with fragile X syndrome, you may be feeling overwhelmed. Remember that seeking out information is not only necessary but empowering—it allows you to partner with your

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Genetic Disorders

Overview Genetic disorders include congenital malformations, chromosomal disorders and metabolic diseases, also known as inborn errors of metabolism. Some of the symptoms can be the same as those for

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Galactosemia

At Boston Children’s Hospital, we have already helped many infants and families who have been affected by galactosemia, a rare genetic metabolic disorder in which babies are born without the ability

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Head or Brain Injury

While some head injuries do cause serious and lasting damage, it’s important to remember that “head injury” is a broad term describing many different types of trauma—ranging from mild to severe. Here

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Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is the full or partial inability to detect frequencies of sound. Boston Children's Hospital offers a Habilitative Audiology Program, a Deaf and Hard of Hearing Program , a Diagnostic

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Hearing Loss in Babies

Overview If your baby suffers from hearing loss, don't feel alone. The National Institutes of Health estimate that 12,000 babies are born each year in the United States with a hearing impairment. It

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Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Overview Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) is a rare neurological disorder. It is characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an

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Muscle Weakness (Hypotonia)

Hypotonia means decreased muscle tone. It can be a condition on its own, called benign congenital hypotonia, or it can be indicative of another problem where there is progressive loss of muscle tone,

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Microcephaly

Microcephaly: Alainah's story 16-month-old Alainah of Cape Cod has enrolled in a genetics study to find the cause of her small head size. In the meantime, early interventions are helping her achieve

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Neuromuscular Scoliosis

If your child has been diagnosed with neuromuscular scoliosis, we know that you and your family are under stress, and are already dealing with the underlying neuromuscular condition that’s associated

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Nervous System Disorders

Overview The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two major divisions: Central nervous system - consisting of the brain

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta

"When a child has OI, it's important to use a multidisciplinary approach that involves a care team of the different specialists the child may need. This includes orthopedists, geneticists,

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Robin Sequence

What is Robin Sequence? Robin sequence, also known as "Pierre Robin sequence", is a combination of birth defects that usually includes: A small lower jaw (mandible) A tongue that is positioned further

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Prematurity

Overview A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is considered premature. Slightly fewer than 12 percent of all babies are premature. Overall, the rate of premature births is rising, mainly due to

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Rett Syndrome

Rett syndrome is a genetic disorder of the nervous system that causes a regression (loss) of language and motor skills. The syndrome is considered one of the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), although

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Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome

Overview Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by the premature fusion of certain skull bones, which prevents the skull from growing normally and affects the shape of the head

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Spina Bifida

Between 1,400 and 2,000 babies are born with spina bifida in the U.S. each year—but not all of these children have the same needs. Our Spina Bifida Center develops treatment plans customized to meet

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Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS)

The small intestine is an important part of the digestive tract – it’s where we absorb most of the sugars, proteins and fats from the food we eat. If a child doesn’t have enough small intestine, her

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Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

"SMA was listed by the National Institutes of Health as the neurologic disease closest to finding a cure. This is not a coincidence...because the scientific community, SMA research organizations, and

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Spinal Cord Injury

The spinal cord serves not just one critical function, but several. A compact but extremely powerful package of nerves, it works with the brain to transmit important messages that are responsible for

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Seizures

Seizures happen when brain cells fire or “talk” too much, temporarily disrupting the brain’s normal electrical signals. They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children, and they have a

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Sturge-Weber Syndrome

If your child has Sturge-Weber syndrome, it means that she was born with a vascular birthmark and neurological abnormalities. Seizures develop in 75 to 90 percent of all children with the syndrome.

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Trisomies and Monosomies

Overview A trisomy and a monosomy are types of numerical chromosome abnormalities that can cause certain birth defects. Normally, people are born with 23 chromosome pairs, or 46 chromosomes, in each

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Trisomy 18 and 13

Overview The term trisomy describes the presence of three chromosomes instead of the usual pair of chromosomes. For example, trisomy 21, or Down syndrome, occurs when a baby has three #21 chromosomes.

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Vision Problems

Overview There are two types of eye disorders that can affect your child’s vision: refractive errors and non-refractive errors. Refractive errors, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, crossed eyes

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We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 617-355-6000 | 800-355-7944

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