Cardiology Outpatient Services | Conditions and Treatments

Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR or PAPVR)

"The care of critically ill infants with obstructed anomalous pulmonary venous return requires a multidisciplinary team of cardiac ICU doctors and nurses, non-invasive cardiologists and surgeons to...

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Aortic valve stenosis

"We can really make a difference for children with aortic valve stenosis. For many kids, undergoing (catheterization) means they're very likely to get through childhood without ever needing surgery on...

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Arrhythmia

What is an arrhythmia? An arrhythmia is an abnormal rhythm of the heart, which can cause the heart to pump less effectively. It most frequently occurs in adults and often people who don’t have...

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Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart defect (meaning that a baby is born with it) in which the wall that separates the baby’s upper heart chambers, or the atria, doesn’t close...

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Atrioventricular Canal Defect

What is atrioventricular canal defect? An atrioventricular (AV) canal defect is a combination of several closely-associated heart problems that result in a large defect in the center of the heart....

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Bacterial Endocarditis

Bacterial endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart. Bacteria (germs) enter the bloodstream and lodge inside the heart, where they multiply and cause infection. Bacterial endocarditis...

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Cardiac Tumor

What is a cardiac tumor? A cardiac tumor is a rare, abnormal growth that develops in the heart. The majority of cardiac tumors in children are benign, meaning they are non-cancerous and are unlikely...

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Cardiomyopathy

What is cardiomyopathy? Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle characterized by an abnormally large, thickened or stiffened heart muscle. It may affect only the heart’s lower chambers ...

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Coarctation of the Aorta

Boston Children's Hospital is here with expert help if your infant or child has been diagnosed with coarctation of the aorta (COA). While this condition is very serious, Boston Children’s has vast...

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Congenital Heart Defects

A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a heart problem that’s present at birth. It’s caused by improper development of the heart during fetal development. 1 percent of babies are born with a CHD. Nine out...

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Heart Failure

"We make a commitment to our patients that we will leave no stone unturned to take care of a child with a heart condition. We will think outside the box, and we will look into any possible option that...

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Coronary Artery Fistula

A coronary artery fistula is an abnormal connection between one of the coronary arteries and a heart chamber or another blood vessel. Coronary artery fistula is a rare condition. Infants who are born...

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Cyanosis

Cyanosis is a bluish color in the skin, lips and nailbeds caused by a shortage of oxygen in the blood. Some of the defects or diseases that can cause a child to have cyanosis are: truncus arteriosus...

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Ebstein's anomaly

"Parents have peace of mind knowing that Boston Children's uses the most innovative technologies and therapies for their child." --David Harrild, MD, PhD, assistant in Cardiology If your infant or...

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Fragile X Syndrome

What is fragile X syndrome? Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition that can cause a range of learning and developmental problems. These can include: intellectual disability hyperactivity or...

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Heart Murmur

A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound heard during a heartbeat. Murmurs range from quite faint to very loud. There are two types of heart murmurs: innocent (harmless) and abnormal. People who...

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Heart Transplant

If your child’s end-stage heart dysfunction is no longer responding to medical treatment, a heart transplant may be an option to give him a longer and healthier life. Heart transplant is an operation...

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Hypertension

Most people think of hypertension (high blood pressure) as something that affects adults, children can also be affected. In fact, it’s estimated that up to 5 percent of children and adolescents now...

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Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)

What is hypoplastic left heart syndrome? Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is one of several congenital (present at birth) heart defects in which the heart has only one fully functioning...

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Kawasaki Disease

If recognized and treated early, your child can begin to feel better in a few days, with a low likelihood of long-term heart issues. Children who receive treatment within the first ten days of illness...

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Marfan Syndrome

"My message to the public is if you notice common findings of Marfan in yourself or your child, these need to be evaluated right away--especially with an eye or cardiology exam." --Ronald Lacro, MD,...

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Mitral Valve Stenosis

"When I meet a family, the first thing I say is, 'As parents and clinicians, we are your child's team.' The parents are the ones who know their child best. It's my job to educate parents so that they...

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Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital heart condition in which the ductus, a small opening or pathway between the pulmonary and aortic valves, remains open or patent. In most cases, the ductus...

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Patent Foramen Ovale

Overview If your infant or child has been diagnosed with a patent foramen ovale (PFO), Children’s Hospital Boston can help you understand your child’s condition and cope with this relatively common...

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Pericarditis

Pericarditis is a condition in which the sac-like covering around the heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed. often causes chest pain usually sudden and short-lived (acute) chest pain occurs when the...

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Peripheral Pulmonary Stenosis

"I've seen such a difference in pediatric cardiology over the past 25 years. Not only are kids with heart disease surviving and thriving, but they're also coming back to visit us and have children of...

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Pulmonary Atresia

"One thing that sets Boston Children's apart is our experience performing catheter-based procedures. This avoids the need to do open heart surgery." --Catherine Allan, MD, assistant in Cardiology If...

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Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is abnormally high blood pressure that occurs in the arteries of the lungs (the pulmonary arteries). Some cases of PH have no identifiable cause (idiopathic pulmonary...

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Pulmonary Vein Stenosis

"We're thinking not only in terms of getting the child through a procedure today, but also of how life might be for that child at age 50, 60, 70. How do we plan their management over many decades? It...

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Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

"The vast majority of patients with significant pulmonary valve stenosis are having valve dilation in the catheterization lab, precluding the need for surgery. We are fortunate to have excellent...

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Septal Defects

What is a septal defect? A septal defect is a hole in the septum, which is the muscle wall that separates the heart's left and right chambers. A septal defect is sometimes called "a hole in the heart....

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Single Ventricle Defects

What is a single ventricle defect? A single ventricle defect is a type of heart defect that a child is born with. It occurs when one of the two pumping chambers in the heart, called ventricles, isn’t...

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Syncope

Syncope is the medical term for fainting. It’s a temporary loss of consciousness and muscle tone that occurs when not enough blood goes to the brain. Fainting affects people of all ages. More than 100...

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Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF, Tet)

"Surgery for tetralogy of Fallot even 30 years ago was very good, but we continue to improve our medical and surgical management of this condition. Recent advances at Children's and elsewhere have...

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Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with Pulmonary Atresia

What is tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia? Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with pulmonary atresia is a more severe form of TOF, a type of heart defect. It’s a congenital condition, which means it’s...

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Tricuspid Atresia

If your infant or child has been diagnosed with tricuspid atresia (TA), an understanding of the condition will help you to cope with this very rare congenital (present at birth) heart defect. In...

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Truncus Arteriosis

"We have an unusually large, interdisciplinary cardiovascular team, including cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, anesthesiologists, intensive care specialists, nurses, respiratory therapists, social...

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Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR)

Total or partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR or PAPVR) is a rare heart defect in which a child’s pulmonary veins don’t connect normally to the left atrium. Instead they’re re-directed to...

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Turner Syndrome

"I approach treatment as a long-term conversation between me, the patient and her parents about the best courses of action. Establishing some level of normalcy for families in situations that's aren't...

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Vascular Ring

A vascular ring is a rare cardiovascular birth defect involving an unusual formation of the aorta and/or its surrounding blood vessels. What happens if your child has a vascular ring: The trachea ...

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Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

What is a ventricular septal defect? A ventricular septal defect is a congenital defect in which there is a hole in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart, known as the right and left...

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We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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