Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors Program | Conditions and Treatments

Adamantinoma

Bones naturally grow and change as your child gets older. However, throughout this long process, problems can sometimes occur. An adamantinoma is a slow-growing cancerous bone tumor that’s most often

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Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma

The diagnosis of a rare cancer, like alveolar soft part sarcoma, is especially distressing for parents. Not only does this soft tissue tumor require your child to get intensive treatment, it may also

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Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

Aneurysmal bone cysts Bones naturally grow and change as your child gets older. However, throughout a long process, abnormalities can sometimes occur. An aneurysmal bone cyst (which is often

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Bone tumors and bone cysts

(Benign) Bone tumors and cysts Finding out that your teen or child has a bone tumor or cyst can cause a lot of anxiety for everyone in the family. You’ll have concerns about your child’s treatment,

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Cancer

We lace 'em up every morning knowing that in some significant way we will have made a stride toward the common mission: decreasing the burden of cancer. STEPHEN SALLAN, MD While childhood cancer is a

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Chondroblastoma

At Boston Children's, we see many children with chondroblastoma, even though it's a rare tumor. Other institutions may see children with it just a few times a year. We're comfortable treating

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Chondromas

Overview Chondromas are benign (not cancerous) tumors made of cartilage that are found mostly in the small bones of the hand and feet. They can also occur in the humerus (upper arm), femur (thigh bone

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Chondrosarcoma

Overview Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that resembles the cartilage that coats the ends of bones and forms joints. Chondrosarcoma occurs primarily in adults, are rarely encountered during the

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Desmoid Tumor

A Desmoid tumor develops in the fibrous tissue that forms tendons and ligaments. most often it occurs in the arms, legs or midsection it can also occur in the head and neck desmoid tumor is also

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Enchondroma

Enchondromas are non-cancerous cartilage tumors that can occur in the arms and legs. • Enchondromas are the most common type of bone tumor in the hand. • Boys and girls of any racial background can be

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Ewing Sarcoma

Ewing sarcoma is a kind of cancer that grows in bones or soft tissues. The tumor was first described by a pathologist, Dr. James Ewing, in the 1920’s. Most often, it is found in the bones of the

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Fibrosarcoma

A fibrosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that originates in the connective tissue found at the ends of bones of the arm or legs, and then spreads to other surrounding soft tissues. Soft tissues include:

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Fibrous Dysplasia

Overview Fibrous dysplasia is a developmental abnormality that results in abnormal growth, pain and deformity of the affected bones. The condition is subdivided into three types: Monomelic: This is

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Giant Cell Tumor

Overview A giant cell tumor is a benign solitary tumor that usually grows in the ends of long bones, and contains unusually large cells that are called giant cells. Most commonly occur in the femur

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Hemangiopericytoma

Overview Hemangiopericytoma is a rare tumor that grows in the body’s soft tissue, which includes fat, muscles, tendons, nerves, blood vessels and other fibrous tissue. In a baby, this condition is

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Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder that occurs when your child has too many of a certain type of white blood cell. The white blood cell affected is called a Langerhans cell (it was

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Leiomyosarcoma

If your child has been diagnosed with leiomyosarcoma, you’ll have concerns and questions about her health, treatment, recovery and other issues. It may comfort you to know that leiomyosarcoma is a

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Liposarcoma

Liposarcoma is a malignant soft tissue tumor that develops in fat tissue. It’s most often found in the abdominal cavity or extremities, usually the thigh or upper arm, but they can be found anywhere

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Non-Ossifying Fibroma

Overview A non-ossifying fibroma is a benign (non-cancerous), non-aggressive tumor that consists mainly of fibrous tissue. It usually occurs in the thighbone or shinbone, but may also occur in the

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Osteoblastoma

Osteoblastoma is a benign, bone-forming tumor that is extremely rare, accounting for only 1 percent of all primary bone tumors. Unlike most primary bone tumors, which favor the extremities,

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Osteochondroma (Extosis)

Overview Osteochondroma is the most common type of non-cancerous (benign) bone tumor. An osteochondroma is a hard mass of cartilage and bone that generally appears near the growth plate (a layer of

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Osteoid Osteoma

An osteoid osteoma is a benign (non-cancerous), small tumor that usually grows in the long bones of a person’s lower extremities. The thighbone is the most common location, although it can occur in

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Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer in children and young adults. It usually occurs in the long bones, such as the arms or legs, though it can also occur in the pelvis, spine, jaw or

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Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS)

Overview Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a type of benign (non-cancerous) tumor that arises from the soft connective tissue of joints. Any joint can be affected, although the tumor is most

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Rhabdomyosarcoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that grows in the body's soft tissues (which connect, support or surround organs and other body structures), particularly in the muscles that attach to bone and

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Schwannoma (Neurilemoma)

Schwannoma, also called neurilemoma, is a benign tumor that can arise from any nerve in the body, although it tends to favor certain nerves located in the head and neck along with nerves that are

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Soft Tissue Sarcomas

Soft tissue sarcomas are cancerous tumors that begin in the tissues that connect, support or surround organs and other body structures. A soft tissue sarcoma can develop almost anywhere in the body.

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Synovial chondromatosis

Bone & Soft Tissue Tumors Program Learn more about our Bone & Soft Tissue Tumors Program, where we care for children with benign and malignant bone and soft tissue conditions

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Synovial Sarcoma

Over time, your child’s joints naturally grow and change. However, throughout this process, problems can sometimes occur. A synovial sarcoma is one such abnormality and is a serious condition that

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Unicameral Bone Cyst

Overview What is a unicameral bone cyst? A unicameral bone cyst, otherwise known as a simple bone cyst, is a fluid-filled cavity in the bone, lined by compressed fibrous tissue. It usually occurs in

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Vascular Malformations, Tumors, and Hemangiomas

Vascular malformations, tumors and hemangiomas all refer to a variety of non-cancerous birthmarks and lesions. Boston Children's Hospital is home to internationally renowned physicians for their

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