Adult Congenital Heart Service | Conditions and Treatments

Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR or PAPVR)

"The care of critically ill infants with obstructed anomalous pulmonary venous return requires a multidisciplinary team of cardiac ICU doctors and nurses, non-invasive cardiologists and surgeons to...

Learn more
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

What is an atrial septal defect? An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a hole in the wall that separates the upper right and left heart collecting chambers (atria). “Atrial” is the name we give to the...

Learn more

What is an arrhythmia? An arrhythmia is an abnormal rhythm of the heart, which can cause the heart to pump less effectively. It most frequently occurs in adults and often people who don’t have...

Learn more
Atrioventricular Canal Defect

What is atrioventricular canal defect? An atrioventricular canal defect or AV canal is a combination of several closely-associated heart problems that result in a large defect in the center of the...

Learn more
Bacterial Endocarditis

Bacterial endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart. Bacteria (germs) enter the bloodstream and lodge inside the heart, where they multiply and cause infection. Bacterial endocarditis...

Learn more
Coarctation of the Aorta

What is coarctation of the aorta? Coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of the aorta, the main artery that delivers oxygen-rich (red) blood to the body. A coarctation is located just past the aortic...

Learn more
Congenital Heart Defects

A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a heart problem that’s present at birth. It’s caused by improper development of the heart during fetal development. 1 percent of babies are born with a CHD. Nine out...

Learn more

Cyanosis is a bluish color in the skin, lips and nailbeds caused by a shortage of oxygen in the blood. Some of the defects or diseases that can cause a child to have cyanosis are: truncus arteriosus...

Learn more
Ebstein's anomaly

"Parents have peace of mind knowing that Boston Children's uses the most innovative technologies and therapies for their child." --David Harrild, MD, PhD, assistant in Cardiology If your infant or...

Learn more

Edema refers to swelling in the body’s tissues caused by a build up of fluid, most often in the feet, ankles, face, eyelids or abdomen. It can have many causes, including: sitting or standing in one...

Learn more
Heart Murmur

A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound heard during a heartbeat. Murmurs range from quite faint to very loud. There are two types of heart murmurs: innocent (harmless) and abnormal. People who...

Learn more

Most people think of hypertension (high blood pressure) as something that affects adults, children can also be affected. In fact, it’s estimated that up to 5 percent of children and adolescents now...

Learn more
Pulmonary Atresia

What is pulmonary atresia? Pulmonary atresia is type of heart defect that a baby is born with. It occurs when the pulmonary valve — normally located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary...

Learn more
Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital heart condition in which the ductus, a small opening or pathway between the pulmonary and aortic valves, remains open or patent. In most cases, the ductus...

Learn more
Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is abnormally high blood pressure that occurs in the arteries of the lungs (the pulmonary arteries). Some cases of PH have no identifiable cause (idiopathic pulmonary...

Learn more
Septal Defects

What is a septal defect? A septal defect is a hole in the septum, which is the muscle wall that separates the heart's left and right chambers. A septal defect is sometimes called "a hole in the heart....

Learn more
Single Ventricle Defects

What is a single ventricle defect? A single ventricle defect is a type of heart defect that a child is born with. It occurs when one of the two pumping chambers in the heart, called ventricles, isn’t...

Learn more

Syncope is the medical term for fainting. It’s a temporary loss of consciousness and muscle tone that occurs when not enough blood goes to the brain. Fainting affects people of all ages. More than 100...

Learn more
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with Pulmonary Atresia

What is tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia? Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with pulmonary atresia is a more severe form of TOF, a type of heart defect. It’s a congenital condition, which means it’s...

Learn more
Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)

What is transposition of the great arteries? In transposition of the great arteries (TGA), the “great” arteries, the aorta and the right ventricle, are reversed in their origins from the heart. The...

Learn more
Tricuspid Atresia

If your infant or child has been diagnosed with tricuspid atresia (TA), an understanding of the condition will help you to cope with this very rare congenital (present at birth) heart defect. In...

Learn more
Vascular Ring

A vascular ring is a rare cardiovascular birth defect involving an unusual formation of the aorta and/or its surrounding blood vessels. What happens if your child has a vascular ring: The trachea ...

Learn more
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)

What is a ventricular septal defect? A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a hole in the wall that separates the lower right and left heart chambers (ventricles). It is the most common type of...

Learn more
Tufted Angioma

Tufted angioma is a benign (non-cancerous) vascular tumor and mild variant of Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE). On biopsy, a tumor may be called tufted angioma, KHE or “tufted angioma/KHE...

Learn more
We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital
300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115
For Patients: 617-355-6000
For Referring Providers: 844-BCH-PEDS | 844-224-7337