Other in utero TORCH infections
Treatment & Care
How is congenital syphilis treated?
A single dose of antibiotics usually gets rid of congenital syphilis and prevents recurrent infections.
If the mother is treated early in the pregnancy, the infant is at minimal risk for infection.
If the baby is born with syphilis, he can be treated with antibiotics, as well, to get rid of the infection. Other effects of the baby's syphilis may be treated separately.
How is congenital varicella syndrome treated?
Varicella-zoster immune globin (VZIG) can be administered to newborns infected immediately after birth, in order to lessen the severity of the varicella disease.
For pregnant women who are exposed to the varicella virus and are at risk for developing chicken pox, VZIG can help prevent infection.
Pregnant women who contract varicella during pregnancy often have a more severe case of the disease than women who are not pregnant. Severe varicella may be treated with an antiviral medication given through an IV.
For babies born with congenital varicella syndrome, specific symptoms of the disease can be treated accordingly.
How is congenital fifth disease treated?
Since fifth disease is caused by a virus, medications cannot treat it. Your physician may closely monitor your baby's development through fetal ultrasounds and blood tests.
In rare cases when the fetus has severe anemia, your doctor may suggest an intrauterine blood transfusion.
How can HIV be treated?
As with many other conditions, early detection offers more options for treatment. Today, there are medical treatments that can slow down the rate at which HIV weakens the immune system, but, currently, there is no cure for the disease.
However, there are other treatments that can prevent or cure the conditions associated with HIV.
- Anti-retroviral drug therapy may be given to a pregnant woman, which has proven to greatly reduce the chance of an infant developing HIV.
- A cesarean section may be recommended to reduce infant transmission from the birth canal.
- If other feeding options are available, an infected mother should not breastfeed her infant.