How does a doctor know that it’s lymphoblastic lymphoma?
Diagnostic procedures for lymphoblastic lymphoma are used to determine the exact type of tumor your child has and whether the tumor has spread. These may include a:
- Physical exam, including neurologic function tests including: reflexes, muscle strength, eye and mouth movement, coordination and alertness.
- X-rays to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
- Computerized tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan) to capture a detailed view of the body, in some cases.
- Biopsy or tissue sample from the tumor to provide definitive information about the type of tumor; this is collected during surgery.
- Lymphangiogram, an imaging study that can detect cancer cells or abnormalities in the lymphatic system and structures; it involves a dye being injected into the lymph system.
- Blood and urine tests
- Bone marrow aspiration/biopsy is a procedure that involves a small amount of bone marrow fluid and tissue to be taken, usually from part of the hip bones, to further examine the number, size, and maturity of blood cells and/or abnormal cells.
- Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) to remove a small sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and determine if any tumor cells have started to spread. In young children, this procedure is safely performed under sedation, and is less difficult and less painful than placing an intravenous (IV) catheter.